The Holy Kaaba, 1911
When the House of Saudtook control of Arabia in the early twentieth century the holy places of Islam as well as the Hajj(pilgrimage) fell into their hands. From then until today the Saudis have imposed their strict Hanbalite ideology – Wahabism – upon Arabia and, by extension, upon the rest of the Muslim world. At first they assured Muslims everywhere that the sacred sites of Islam would be put under the jurisdiction of an international committee, but this has failed to eventuate. Instead, the sacred sites of Islam have suffered under Wahabi puritanism and much degradation and desecration has occured.
The Horrors of Modern Islamic Architecture
As we all know :
Most infamously, on the 8th day of Shawwal, 1345 AH (April 21st, 1925) King Ibn Saud ordered the demolition of ancient mausoleums in Medina along with tombs at the Jannat-al-Muallacemetery in Mecca. Among these tombs were those of the Prophet Muhammad’s mother, several of his wives, his grandfather and other of his ancestors.
This was just the first of many acts of vandalistic zealotry by which the Saudis have stripped Arabia of tombs and shrines and places commemorating sacred events. In Wahabi ideology all such things are idolatrous.
As well, the once beautiful architecture of the Ottomans(Turks) has been demolished, cemeteries desecrated, sacred places bulldozed and tarred over while at the same time the Saudis have built huge, modern monstrosities with their oil wealth.
They have “renovated” the Haram (sacred precinct) in Mecca and reorganised the pilgrimage, imposing their own ignorance upon one of the sacred obligations (the Hajj) of the Muslim faith.
An essential part of the Hajj is to re-enact the distress of Hagar as she runs between two hills (Safa and Marwah) in search of water. The Saudi authorities have now completely enclosed these two hills within a massive building and installed an automatic moving pavement (travelator) between the two.
The entire symbolism of Hagar’s search has been obliterated and the hills themselves have been destroyed to accomodate the building and the moving sidewalk. The authorities are in the process of adding air-conditioning to the entire complex.
Surely the Safa and the Marwa are among the signs appointed by Allah; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit to it, there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously, then surely Allah is Grateful, Knowing.Koran, 2:158
Darling, lets go on…Holy-Day?
“Hot-dog stands and Cinemax Movies”?
From: £2,000,00 per person!!!
Hoardes at the Hajj
It is true that the number of pilgrims going to Mecca in recent times has swelled out of all control. We can sympathize with the difficulties this must present the Saudi authorities. Stampedes and people being crushed to death have become regular features of every Hajj. The authorities have rightly been criticized for their handling of the crowds and for their failure to curtail the number of people undertaking superfluous pilgrimages.
Some countries have imposed quotas on the numbers that can go to Mecca each year, but it is pilgrims from the Arab countries and Gulf States – often on their fourth or fifth Hajj – that are swelling the numbers. Rather than deal with this some Saudi authorities have suggested that the best way to control the numbers is to ban women from the Hajj.
More generally, one of the causes of the problem is that wealthy Muslims everywhere have adopted Mecca as a place for a “holiday with God” – spiritual tourism – and think nothing of going to the Hajj every few years.
For too many, the Hajj is supposed to compensate for their otherwise secular and godless lives. They neglect the prayer, their avoid the fast, they don’t pay the zakat – but they think they can buy salvation with a quick trip to Mecca.
Muslim leaders have failed to preach against this!!!
In particular, they might have preached against making multiple pilgrimages and urged Muslims to give the sum of their airfare to the poor instead. The Hajj has become an extravagance, even to the point that it must be deemed sinful to waste money (and polluting air fuel) on multiple pilgrimages when such resources might be put to far better purposes.
“Holiday with Santa”
Wait for it…we have one for the “Muslims” too!!!
Construction After the Holy Prophet (PBUH)s Time
Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr
The Syrian army destroyed [damaged] the Kaba inMuharram 64 (Hijri date, 683 C.E.) and before the next Hajj Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr, may Allah be pleased with him, reconstructed the Kaba from the ground up.
Ibn az-Zubayr wanted to make the Kaba how the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) wanted it, on the foundation of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS).
Ibn az-Zubayr said, “I heard Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) say, ‘The Prophet said: “If your people had not quite recently abandoned the Ignorance (Unbelief), and if I had sufficient provisions to rebuild it[the Kaba], I would have added five cubits to it from the Hijr. Also, I would make two doors: one for people to enter therein and the other to exit.” (Bukhari).
Ibn az-Zubayr said, “Today, I can afford to do it and I do not fear the people.”
Ibn az-Zubayr built the Kaba on Prophet Ibrahim’s foundation.
He put the roof on three pillars with the wood of Aoud (a perfumed wood with aroma which is traditionally burned to get a good smell out of it in Arabia). In his construction he put two doors, one facing the east the other facing the west, as the Prophet wanted but did not do in his lifetime. He rebuilt the Kaba on the Prophet Ibrahim’s foundation, which meant that the Hateem area was included. The Hateem is the area adjacent to the Kaba enclosed by a low semi-circular wall. Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr also made the following additions and modifications:
– put a small window close to the roof of the Kaba to allow for light. – moved the door of the Kaba to ground level and added a second door to the Kaba. – added nine cubits to the height of the Kaba, making it twenty cubits high. – its walls were two cubits wide. – reduced the pillars inside the House to three instead of six as were earlier built by Quraish.
For reconstruction, ibn az-Zubayr put up four pillars around Kaba and hung cloth over them until the building was completed. People began to do Tawaf around these pillars at all times, so Tawaf of the Kaba was never abandoned, even during reconstruction.
During Abdul Malik bin Marwan’s time:
In 74 Hijri (or 693 according to the Gregorian calendar), Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the known tyrant of that time, with the approval of Umayyad Khalifa Abdul Malik bin Marwan, demolished what Ibn az-Zubayr had added to it from the older foundation of Prophet Ibrahim, restored its old structure as the Quraish had had it.
Some of the changes he made were the following:
– he rebuilt it in the smaller shape which is found today – took out the Hateem – walled up the western door (whose signs are still visible today) and left the rest as It was – pulled down the wall in the Hateem area. – removed the wooden ladder Ibn az-Zubayr had put inside the Kaba. – reduced the door’s height by five cubits.
When Abdul Malik bin Marwan came for Umra and heard the Hadith that it was wish of Prophet for the Kaba to be constructed the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr had built it, he regretted his actions.
Imam Malik’s advice to the Khalifa Harun al Rasheed
Abbasi Khalifa Harun al Rasheed wanted to rebuild the Kaba the way the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) wanted and the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr built it.
But when he consulted Imam Malik, the Imam asked the Khalifa to change his mind because constant demolition and rebuilding is not respectful and would become a toy in the hands of kings. Each one would want to demolish and rebuild the Kaba. Based on this advice, Harun al Rasheed did not reconstruct the Kaba. The structure remained in the same construction for 966 years, with minor repairs here and there.
Reconstruction during Sultan Murad Khan’s time
In the year 1039 Hijri, because of heavy rain, flood and hail, two of the Kaba’s walls fell down. The flood during which this occurred took place on the 19th of Shaban 1039 Hijri [April 2, 1630] which continued constantly, so the water in the Kaba became almost close to half of its walls, about 10 feet from the ground level. On Thursday the 20th of Shaban 1039 Hijri, the eastern and western walls fell down. When flood receded on Friday the 21st of Shaban, the cleanup started. Again, a curtain, the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr established on 4 pillars, was put up, and the reconstruction started on the 26th of Ramadan [May 9, 1630]. The rest of the walls except for the one near the Black Stone, were demolished.
By the 2nd of Zul-Hijjah 1040 [July 2, 1631] the construction was taking place under the guidance of Sultan Murad Khan, the Ottoman Khalifa. From the point of the Black Stone and below, the current construction is the same as that done by Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr. The construction which was done under the auspices of Murad Khan was exactly the one done at the time of Abdul Malik ibn Marwan which is the way the Quraysh had built it before Prophethood.
On Rajab 28 1377 [Feb. 17, 1958], One historian counted the total stones of the Kaba and they were 1,614. These stones are of different shapes. But the stones which are inside the outer wall which is visible are not counted in there.
Reconstruction of the Kaba in 1996
A major reconstruction of the Kaba took place between May 1996 and October 1996. This was after a period of about 400 years (since Sultan Murad Khan’s time). During this reconstruction the only original thing left from the Kaba are the stones. All other material has been replaced including the ceiling and the roof and its wood.
The history of custody of the Holy Ka’aba, or the Holy Mosque in general, have witnessed a lot of important stages and events.
It started with Prophet Ismael and then after he passed away it went to his son “Thabet” until it it was taken from his children by force by their mother’s tribe “Jurhum” and they were in charge for century until it was taken by force again by “Khuza’a” and it stayed in their hands for several centuries too until the time when Makkah and the Holy Ka’aba was in the hands of “Qusai ibn Kelab ibn Murra Al-Qurashi” who is the fifth grandfather of the Prophet Muhammed PBUH.
He took it back from Khuza’a, since he was from thegrandsons of Prophet Ismael, and after his death it went to his eldest son “AbdulDar” and it continued to be in his children control. It ended up in the hands of “Shaiba ibn Uthman ibn Talha” and his real name is “Abdullah ibn Abdeluzza ibn Uthman ibn Abduldar ibn Qusai”.
The custody of the Holy Ka’aba today is in the hands of his great great grandsons.
“Hussein Abdullah Basalama” have introduced very important information about “The History of The Holy Ka’aba…It’s Structure, Cloth and Custody” it was included in a book printed 75 years ago and was dedicated to the founder of Saudi Arabia, King Abdulaziz.
It’s second edition was reprinted in 1982.
He pointed out various important stages in the history of the custody of the Holy Ka’aba, before and after Islam. What we are concerned about here is how did the custody of the Holy Ka’aba end up to “Bani Shaiba” or the family of Shaiba until these days and to point out who was the head of the custodians.
The writer mentioned that the basic history and events of the custody of the Holy Ka’aba and how were the keys given back to Uthman ibn Talha and Shaiba ibn Uthman by the Prophet is mentioned in details in the books of Tafsir, Hadith, and Sira.
Ibn Sa’ad narrated that Uthman ibn Talha said “During“Jaheleya”, the era before Islam, we used to open the doors of the Ka’aba in Mondays and Thursadys.
Once the Prophet PBUH came along with other people with the intention of entering the Ka’aba. I was rude to him, and he forgave me.
He said to me:
O Uthman, you might witness the day where I hold this key, and I give it to whom I wish.
I replied: At that day Quraish must have been gone and defeated!
The Prophet said: No, it would be victorious and prosperous.
After that he entered the Ka’aba, and I was so sad because I knew it would happen until the day Makkah was conquered. He called me and said:
O Uthman, give me the key.
I gave it to him and he gave it back to me and said:
Take it for eternity, no one will take it from you but an opresser.
O Uthman, God have put trust in you, so take whatever comes to you through this house of his.
When I left he called me again and said:
Do you remember that day?. I said: Yes, I do. I bear witness that you are the Prophet of Allah.”
“FIVE CUBITS AND TWO DOORS”?
“O family of Abi Talha, take for eternity.No one will take it from you but an opressor”.
Ibn az-Zubayr said, “I heard Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) say, ‘The Prophet said: “If your people had not quite recently abandoned the Ignorance (Unbelief), and if I had sufficient provisions to rebuild it [the
Kaba], I would have added five cubits to it from the Hijr. Also, I would make two doors: one for people to enter therein and the other to exit.” (Bukhari).
… under destruction to continue