The Rise of Wahhabi Fitnah (1239 AH – 1823 CE)
Wahhabi Fitnah in the
Indian subcontinent<?XML:NAMESPACE PREFIX = O />
Which began after
(1239 AH – 1823 CE)
When and why did the disagreement begin?
Al Muhaddith Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlavi (RA) (b.1745- d.1823 CE)
Shah Abdul Aziz(RA) was the eldest son of
Hazrat Shah Waliullah Dehlavi (RA)
was only 17 years old when Shah Waliullah (RA) died. He took over as the teacher of Hadith in place of his father, and later became famous as the Muhaddith of Delhi (just like his father) and one of India’s greatest Islamic scholars.
Hazrat Shah Waliullah Dehlavi (rahmatullahi alaihe) had four children, all of whom went on to become famous Islamic scholars of their time.
His children were Shah Abdul Aziz (rahmatullahi alaihe), Shah Rafiuddin(RA),Shah Abdul Qadir(RA)and Shah Abdul Gani(RA).
The three brothers were also student’s of Shah Abdul Aziz (rahmatullahi alaihe)
The Rise of Fitnah
Main cause of Disunity amongst the Sunnis in
Shah Abdul Gani(RA) had a son who he named
Mu-hammed Ismail Dehlavi
This child Ismail when he became a man wrote a book called:
Sayyid Ahmad of Balakot
(b.1786CE – d.1831CE)
Is not considered to be a true student being that he had deviated away from what Shah `Abdul Aziz and Shah Waliullah had taught and Shah `Abdul Aziz himself, as narrated in the book:
“Anwar-e-Aftab-e-Sadaqat”, had expressed disapproval upon the Wahhabi creed of Isma`il Dehlvi and his teacher, Sayyid Ahmad of Balakot.
The main source of disunity and fitna in the Indian sub-continent
was by this evil man:
(died 1246 AH-1830CE)
He translated ‘Kitab at- Tawheed’ into Urdu and called it ‘Taqviyatul Imaan’
(The Strengthening of Faith).
Doctrines and Teachings
Mu-hammad Qasim Nanotvi (died 1297 AH-1879 C.E. ) founded a school at Deoband, a town in the Sahanapur district of India. Together with Rashid Ahmad Gangohi (died 1323 AH-1905 C.E.), Mu-hammad Qasim Nanotvi’s fellow student and Wahhabi convert, he taught and spread Mu-hammad Ismael Dehlvi’s Wahhabi doctrines and teachings to the students at his school at Deoband.
The Deobandi doctrine was later progressed by
Ashraf Ali Thanvi (d.1362 AH-1943 C.E)
Mu-hammad Ismael Dehlvi Is thus recognised as the father of Wahhabism In the Indian subcontinent and the main cause of fitna and dis unity amongs the Sunni Muslims.
Mawlānā Thanaullah Amratsari, editor of the periodical Majallah Ahle Hadith, said this in 1973. According to him, 165 years ago, the Muslim population of Amritsar, Punjab, followed the same creed as those that are known today as “Hanafi Barelwi” and according to Muhammad Ja’far Thanesri, 200 years ago, there was no sign of any Wahabi or follower of Shah Isma’il Dihlawi in the whole of [undivided] Punjab!
Mawlānā Sayyid Ahmad Raza Bijnori Qasmi writes:
“It is a shame that due to this book (Taqwiyatul Iman) the Muslims of India who number 200 million, of which 90% are Hanafis, have been split into two groups.”
[Anwar-ul-Bari, page 107. Nashir-ul-Uloom, Bajnur – Maulana Sayyid Ahmad Raza Bajnuri]
Mawlānā Fazle Haq and Mawlānā Mahboob Ali refuted the ideas of Shah Isma’il strongly.
Amongst the students of Shah Abdul Aziz were:
Mawlana Sayyid Ale Rasul Mehrawi,
who was the grand-teacher of the famous Indian scholar,
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (b.1272AH –1856CE) (d.1340 A.H – 1921CE),
as well Mawlana Mahboob Ali Dehlawi, Mufti Sadruddin Aazurdah, and Muhaqqiq al-Asr Mawlana Fadl al-Khayrabadi.