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It was very agonizing to have an email from a brother in which he asked me to assist him refuting some so-called Muslim ignorants who accused Prophets Alaihimus Salam being Sinful and Polytheists (Ma’azALLAH). As a matter of fact, the insults of the Prophets made by the deviant sects and insolent individuals have encouraged some people to openly slander and ridicule the Prophets. In addition to this, there has arisen a sect which says that the Prophets are sinners and even polytheists and Infidels (May Allah forbid!), believing that the Prophets were polytheists and Infidels and major sinners and only became Prophets after repenting (Tauba).

It is incumbent upon each and every Muslim to affirm faith (have Imân) in all the Prophets, in such a manner that one does not differ between the Prophets in their core Prophethood. Furthermore, one should respect all the Prophets and believe that they are free from any sin, (major or minor) or imperfections; before their declaration of Prophethood or after, is also an essential element in belief. This is the sound position and this is the opinion of the majority of scholars.

The Major and Minor Sins:

It must be known that leaving obligatory (farḍ) or necessary (wājib) acts even once without excuse is considered an enormity (kabīra). Likewise, committing the unlawful (Harām) is also considered an enormity. Leaving the sunna act once without excuse due to laziness or taking the matter lightly is considered a minor sin (ṣaghīra), as is committing a disliked action (makrūh). However, habitually leaving the sunnah or committing disliked actions also becomes an enormity, though they are considered enormities beneath other enormities. This is because major and minor are relative terms, and thus it is said, “The good deeds of the pious are the sins of the intimate (muqarrabīn).”

Sunnah here is taken in the juridical sense where it refers to an action regularly performed by the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and left at times in order for it not be taken as an obligation. This is then sub-categorized into the emphasized sunnahs and the non-emphasized sunnahs, the latter being more like the mustaHabb (preferred) acts, i.e., those performed by the Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam sometimes or encouraged in general.

Infallibility of the Prophets:

The Prophets (upon them be Blessings and Peace) are all free from major and minor sins, enormities, unbelief, and wicked acts before and after receiving Prophethood (Nubuwwah). However, some slips and mistakes have escaped them.

An example of a slip (zalla) is when Ādam Alaihis Salam ate from the tree, and an example of a mistake (khaṭa’) is when Mūsā Alaihis Salam killed a member of Pharaoh’s people. He did not intend to kill him, but only to strike him with his hand in order to push him away from the Israelite. Thus, the strike was intentional, but the killing a mistake. The killing was also a slip, because every mistake is a slip, but not every slip is a mistake. Therefore, between the two is the universal-particular relationship. A slip sometimes occurs by mistake, sometimes out of forgetfulness, sometimes out of inattentiveness, and sometimes out of leaving the more worthy or preferred action.

Imām ‘Umar al-Nasafī states in his Tafsīr, “The Imāms of Samarqand do not use the word zalla for acts committed by the Prophets (upon them be blessings and peace) because a zalla is a type of sin. Instead, they say, “They performed the good act (fāḍil) and left the preferred one (afḍal), and they were lightly reproved for it, because for prophets to leave the more preferred act is equivalent to others leaving an obligation (wājib).”

Another view is that the slip of a Prophet or a Friend of Allāh Most High is a means of closeness to Him. Abū Sulaymān al-Dārānī (may Allāh have mercy on him) states:

“Dāwūd Alaihis Salam did not perform an act more beneficial for him than a misdeed. He continued to flee from it toward his Lord until he reached Him. Hence, the misdeed was the cause of his fleeing toward Allāh, away from himself and the world.”

Hadrat Shaykh al-MuHaqqiq Shaykh Abd al Haqq Muhaddith Dehlawi (may Allāh have mercy on him) states in his Ashi’ah al-Lam’at:

“What has been stated in the Holy Qur’an as regards to the ‘error’ of Prophet Adam and Allah’s reprimand shows the high status of Prophet Adam and his closeness to the Almighty Allah.” [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at Vol 1 Page 40]

Furthermore, it is Allah’s will, whoever He reprimands or punishes, even though the error committed by His slave, may not have reached the level in which we may say that it was a ‘sin’. No one has the authority to utter anything. There is a criteria and a standard for respect which is necessary to behold, and this standard of respect is that when Allah has reprimanded some of His Prophets, who are the closest to Him, or when one some occasions the Prophets or the Messengers expressed humility, by which someone may assume a defect in these prophets, then it is not permissible for us that we ponder into this and say the words of reprimand or humility to these noble prophets.

There are a number of explanations for why Syeduna Aadam Alaihis Salam ate from the forbidden tree. One is that he ate from it out of forgetfulness. Another is that he did not eat from the specific tree that Allāh forbade, but from another tree of the same type, assuming that the prohibition of Allāh was only regarding the specific tree, as Allāh said, “but approach not this tree.” He thus chose the less superior or suboptimal (rukhṣa) path, in accord with the wisdom of Allāh in order illustrate the weakness of the human ability and condition and to express the strength of divine forgiveness. This is why a Hadīth states, “If you did not sin, Allāh would bring forth a people who would sin and seek forgiveness and Allāh would forgive them” (Muslim, Tirmidhī).

Also Ādam’s Alaihis Salam offense was in Paradise, which was not considered an abode of accountability (dār al-taklīf ), in spite of the fact that Allāh forbade him from eating from the tree. In other words, he had no knowledge of the consequences for disobedience. Thus his disobedience was not open defiance as in the case of Satan.


Foot Mark of Hadrat Syeduna Aadam Alaihis Salam on
Mount Adam or Adam’s Peak in Srilanka… First Foot Mark on Earth!!

Prophets are even protected from Minor Sins:

Imam Qadi `Iyad in al-Shifa’ said that the Jumhur (Consensus) of the Jurists from the schools of Malik, al-Shafi`i, and Abu Hanifa, agree that the Prophets are protected from all minor sins because one is required to follow them in the minutest matters. It is even reported from Malik that this is obligatory to believe.

Abu Ishaq al-Isfarayini’s (d. 418) position was that no sin great or small issues from Prophets whether deliberately or by mistake and this is also our position. [Taj al-Din al-Subki Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Wusta as cited in the Kubra (4:260)]

Imam al-Zarqani said in his monumental commentary on al-Qastallani’s al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya (5:361) [Al-Qastallani’s original text is in parentheses):

(And among his Mu'jizaat is that he is immune from sins) before Prophethood and after it (both great and small, both by deliberate commission and by mistake) according to the soundest view, outwardly and inwardly, in secret and in public, in earnest and in jest, in contentment and in anger. And how not, when the Companions were unanimous in following him and faithfully imitating him in all his acts? (As were the Prophets)

Imam Taj al-Din al-Subki said:

"The Ummah concurs on the true immunity ('isma) of Prophets, in what pertains to conveyance and other, from grave and small, contemptible sins as well as persistence in small sins but there is disagreement over small sins that do not detract from their rank. The Mu'tazila and many others allow them. The preferred view is that they are precluded because we have been ordered to follow them in what issues from them; how then could something inappropriate occur on their part? As for those that deemed it possible, they did not do so on the basis of any textual stipulation or proof."

That is, they only clang to externalities which, if they followed their logical conclusions, would lead them to violate consensus and take positions no Muslim takes, as expounded by `Iyad [in al-Shifa'].

A very Interesting Fact:

It is stated in Radd al MuHtar, “The Prophets are protected from yawning, as yawning is from the Satan. The best way to stop this is that when one starts to feel yawning then he/she should immediately think (in their hearts) that the Prophets never yawned and were protected from it. By going this, the yawning shall immediately terminate.” [Radd al-Mohtar – Vol. 1 Pg. 336]

Any person having a slight Common Sense would be able to conclude that when the Exalted Prophets Alaihimus Salam are protected from Yawing as it is from Satan then how come the Prophets be accused of committing the sins or being the culprits?

CONCLUSION

Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala is the Lord and Creator of the Prophets and they are His beloved. He can mention their mistakes in whatever way He wishes and they can demonstrate their humility to Him in whatever way they wish. We have no right to speak about their mistakes or disrespect and slander them unless we want our record books blackened with sins. Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala has ordered us to respect and revere His Prophets. If a Prophet became a sinner, both opposing him and obeying him would become necessary, and this is a concentration of two opposite things. So, the majority of the Scholars including the Imams of the Four Schools of Law followed what they considered to be the stronger position, namely that Prophets are protected even from minor sins. Beware… Beware.. Beware O My Muslim Brothers and Sisters!! To disrespect any Prophet, to find any faults or defect in them or to be rude or insolent to these Prophets is Kufr (Infidelity).

May ALLAH keep us and our Generations be respectful towards the exalted Prophets Alaihimus Salam and protect us and our Generations for the misguided sects and deviant indivisuals. May ALLAH keep us on the path of those whom HE have favoured and refrain us from the path and even the shadow of those who earned HIS anger and those who are astray… Aameen!!

پانچویں صدی کے مجدد سیدنا امام محمد غزالی رحمۃ اللہ علیہ فرماتے ہیں ”شعبان دراصل شعب سے مشتق ہے ۔ اس کا معنی ہے پہاڑ کو جانے کا راستہ، اور یہ بھلائی کا راستہ ہے۔ شعبان سے خیر کثیر نکلتی ہےــ” (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨١)

ایک اور قول کے مطابق شعبان تشعب سے ماخوذ ہے اور تشعب کے معنی تفرق کے ہیں۔ چونکہ اس ماہ میں بھی خیر کثیر متفرق ہوتی ہے، نیز بندوں کو رزق اس مہینہ میں متفرق اور تقسیم ہوتے ہیں۔ (فضائل الایام والشہور صفحہ ٤٠٤/ ماثبت باالسنۃ صفحہ١٨٦)

سیدی و سندی حضور غوث اعظم الشیخ عبدالقادر حسنی حسینی جیلانی رضی اللہ عنہ فرماتے ہیں کہ شعبان میں پانچ حرف ہیں۔

١۔ شین
٢۔ عین
٣۔ باء
٤۔ الف
٥۔ نون

پس ”شین” عبارت ہے شرف سے اور ”عین” عبارت ہے علو سے اور ”با ”عبارت ہے بِرّ (یعنی بھلائی) سے اور ”الف ”عبارت ہے الفت سے اور ”نون ”عبارت ہے نور سے۔ لہٰذا اللہ تعالیٰ ماہِ شعبان میں اپنے نیک بندوں کو یہ پانچ چیزیں عطا فرماتا ہے۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین عربی، جلد۔١، صفحہ ٢٨٨، نزہۃ المجالس ج۔١، صفحہ ١٣١)

شب برات سے متعلق ارشاد خداوندی :

حٰمۤ o وَ الْکِتٰبِ الْمُبِیْنِ o اِنَّا اَنْزَلْنٰہُ فِیْ لَیْلَۃٍ مُّبٰرَکَۃٍ اِنَّا کُنَّا مُنْذِرِیْنَ o فِیْھَا یُفْرَقُ کُلُّ اَمْرٍ حَکِیْمٍo اَمْرًا مِّنْ عِنْدِنَا ط اِنَّا کُنَّا مُرْسِلِیْنَo (پارہ ٢٥، سورہ دخان، آیت ١ تا ٥)

ترجمہ :۔ قسم اس روشن کتاب کی بیشک ہم نے اسے برکت والی رات میں اتارا بے شک ہم ڈر سنانے والے ہیں اس میں بانٹ دیا جاتا ہے ہر حکمت والا کام ہمارے پاس کے حکم سے بے شک ہم بھیجنے والے ہیں۔ (کنز الایمان)

اس رات سے کون سی رات مراد ہے علمائے کرام کے اس میں دو قول ہیں۔ حضرت ابن عباس رضی اللہ عنہما و حضرت قتادہ رضی اللہ عنہ اور اکثر مفسرین کی رائے یہ ہے کہ وہ لیلۃ القدر تھی کیونکہ سورہ قدر میں اس کی وضاحت موجود ہے اور حضرت عکرمہ رضی اللہ عنہ اور جماعت کا خیال ہے کہ اس سے مراد پندرہ شعبان کی رات تھی۔

شعبان المعظم کی اہم ترین عبادت:

غوث الثقلین ، امام الفریقین، سیدنا شیخ عبدالقادر جیلانی رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ فرماتے ہیں ”اس مہینے میں محبوب خدا صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم پر درود شریف کی کثرت کرنی چاہئے ، کیونکہ یہ مہینہ حضور پر نور شافع یوم النشور صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا مہینہ ہے ۔ درود شریف اور اس مہینے کے وسیلے سے بار گاہِ الٰہی میں قرب حاصل کرنا چاہئے۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین عربی، جلد ۔١،صفحہ ٢٨٨)

فضائل میں احادیث:

نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ،” رجب اللہ تعالیٰ کا مہینہ ہے، شعبان میرا مہینہ ہے، اور رمضان میری اُمت کا مہینہ ہے۔” (ماثبت با السنۃ صفحہ١٧٠بحوالہ جامع الکبیر بروایت امام حسن بصری رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)

محدث ویلمی علیہ الرحمۃ روایت کرتے ہیں، ”حضرت عائشہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا نے فرمایا، میں نے حضور اکرم محمد رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو یہ فرماتے سُنا ، اللہ تعالیٰ چار راتوں میں بھلائی کی مہر لگاتا ہے۔

(١) شب عید الاضحی
(٢) شب عید الفطر
(٣) ماہ رجب کی پہلی شب
(٤) شب نصف شعبان۔

حضرت ابو امامہ باہلی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے مروی ہے ، نبی کریم رؤف الرحیم علیہ الصلوٰۃ والتسلیم نے فرمایا، ”پانچ راتیں ایسی ہیں کہ ان میں کوئی دعا رد نہیں ہوتی،

(١) رجب کی پہلی رات
(٢) نصف شعبان کی رات
(٣) جمعہ کی رات
(٤) اور
(٥) دونوں عیدوں کی رات۔

حضور اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے شعبان کی تیرہویں شب اپنی امت کی شفاعت کیلئے دعا کی تو آپ کو تہائی عطا ہوا، پھر چودہویں شب دعا کی تو دو تہائی عطا ہوا، پھر پندرہویں شب دعا کی تو سب کچھ عطا ہوا ، سوائے اس کے جو اللہ تعالیٰ سے بِدکے ہوئے اونٹ کی طرح بھاگے یعنی نافرمانی کرنے والا۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨٢)

حضرت ابو امامہ باہلی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے مروی ہے کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم آمد شعبان پر فرماتے ، اس میں اپنی جانوں کو پاک کرو اور اپنی نیتوں کو درست کرو۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب ٦٨١)

ابن اسحق نے حضرت انس بن مالک رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت کیا کہ ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا نے مجھے بتایا نصف شعبان کی شب رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم مسجد میں سجدہ کی حالت میں یہ دعا فرما رہے تھے ،

سَجَدَ لَکَ سَوَا دِیْ وَخَیَالِیْ وَاٰمَنَ بِکَ فَوَا دِیْ وَہٰذِہ یَدِیْ وَمَا جَنَیْتُ بِہَا عَلیٰ نَفْسِیْ یَا عَظِیْمًا یُّرْ جیٰ لِکُلِّ عَظِیْمٍ اِغْفِرِ الذَّنْبَ الْعَظِیْمَ سَجَدَوَجْہِیَ لِلَّذِیْ خَلَقَہ، وَصَوَّرَہ، وَشَقَّ سَمْعَہ، وَبَصَرَہ،

میرے بدن اور میری صورت نے تجھے سجدہ کیا میرا دل تجھ پر ایمان لایا اور یہ میرے ہاتھ ہیں جن سے میں نے خود پر زیادتی کی، اے عظیم! ہر بڑی بات میں اس پر امید کی جاتی ہے، بڑا گناہ معاف فرمادے میرے چہرے نے اس ذات کو سجدہ کیا جس نے اسے پیدا کیا اس کی صورت بنائی اور کان اور آنکھ بنائے

پھر آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے سر اٹھایا اور یہ دعا کی:

اَللّٰہُمَّ ارْزُقْنِیْ قَلْبًا تَقِیًّا نَقِیًّا مِّنَ الشِّرْکِ بَرِیًّا لَّا کَا فِرًا وَّ لَا شَقِیًّا
اے اللہ ! مجھے ایسا دل عطا فرما جو پر ہیزگار ہو شرک سے پاک ہو ، نیک ہو ۔۔۔۔۔۔ نہ کافر ہواور نہ ہی بدبخت ہو

پھر دوبارہ سجدہ کیا اور میں نے یہ پڑھتے ہوئے سُنا،

اَعُوْذُ بِرِضَائِکَ مِنْ سَخَطِکَ وَ بِعَفْوِکَ مِنْ عُقُوْبَتِکَ وَبِکَ مِنْکَ لَا اُحْصِیْ ثَنَآءَ عَلَیْکَ اَنْتَ کَمَا اَثْنَیْتَ عَلٰی نَفْسِکَ اَقُوْلُ کَمَا قَالَ اَخِیْ دَاؤ،دُ اَغْفِرُ وَجْھِیْ فِیْ التُّرَابِ لِسَیِّدِیْ وَحَقَّ لِوَجْہِ سَیِّدِیْ اَنْ یُّغْفَرَ

میں تیری ناراضگی سے تیری پناہ مانگتا ہوں تیری سزا سے تیری معافی کی پناہ تجھ سے تیری پناہ، میں تیری تعریف نہیں کرسکتا بس تو ایسا ہے جیسے کہ تو نے خود اپنی تعریف فرمائی میں وہی کہتاہوں جو میرے بھائی حضرت داؤود علیہ السلام نے کہا میں اپنے آقا کیلئے مٹی میں اپنے چہرے کو خاک آلود کرتا ہوں اور چہرے کا یہ حق ہے کہ اپنے آقا کیلئے خاک آلودہ ہو۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ٦٨٣۔٦٨٤)

شعبان میں روزوں کی فضیلت:

یوں تو عام طور پر ہر ماہ چند نفلی روزے جسمانی و روحانی اعتبار سے مفید ہوتے ہیں۔ اگر ہر ماہ کی تیرہ ، چودہ اور پندرہ تاریخوں (ایامِ بیض) کے تین دن مسلسل روزے رکھیں تو ایمانی درجات کی بلندی، روحانی بالیدگی اور ایمان پر استقامت کی ضمانت حاصل ہوتی ہے لیکن شرط یہ ہے کہ صحیح العقیدہ سنی شیخ طریقت کی راہنمائی حاصل ہو، جو اپنے مریدین کو کامل طور پر مسلک امام احمد رضا محدث و محقق بریلوی علیہ الرحمۃ و الرضوان کے دائرے میں رکھے اور صلح کلی کے فریب سے بچائے۔

نسائی شریف میں حضرت اسامہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت ہے کہ میں نے عرض کیا، اے اللہ کے رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ! میں آپ کو اس قدر روزے رکھتا نہیں دیکھتا جس قدر کہ شعبان میں آپ روزوں کا اہتمام کرتے ہیں، آپ نے فرمایا یہ وہ مہینہ ہے جس سے لوگ غافل ہیں یہ رجب اور رمضان کے درمیان وہ مہینہ ہے کہ جس میں لوگوں کے اعمال رب العالمین کے حضور پیش ہوتے ہیں، میں پسند کرتا ہوں کہ میرا عمل جب پیش ہو تو میں روزے کی حالت سے ہوں۔” (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨١، جامع الصغیر، جلددوم، صفحہ٣٠١)

اُم المومنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا سے مروی ہے کہ میں نے محبوب خدا صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو رمضان المبارک کے علاوہ کسی مہینے میں مکمل روزے رکھتے ہوئے نہیں دیکھا اور شعبان سے زیادہ کسی مہینے میں روزے رکھتے نہیں دیکھا۔” (بخاری شریف جلد اول صفحہ٢٦٤، مسلم شریف جلد اول صفحہ٣٦٥)

ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ الصدیقہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا فرماتی ہیں کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو تمام مہینوں میں شعبان کے روزے زیادہ پسند تھے، پھر اسے رمضان سے ملادیا کرتے ۔ (جامع الترمذی جلد اول، صفحہ ٢٧٥، سنن ابو داؤد ، جلد اول صفحہ ٣٣٧، سنن ابن ماجہ صفحہ١١٩)

یہی روایت سیدہ ام سلمہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا سے بھی ہے، جسے ابن ماجہ صفحہ ١١٩ ، اور ترمذی جلد اول صفحہ٢٧٥ پر ملاحظہ کریں۔

شبِ برأت کے فضائل و اعمال

(١) ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا روایت کرتی ہیں کہ میں ایک رات رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو نہ پاکر آپ کی تلاش میں نکلی آپ جنت البقیع میں تھے، آپ کا سر آسمان کی جانب اٹھا ہوا تھا، آپ نے مجھے فرمایا ، اے عائشہ کیا تمہیں ڈر ہے کہ اللہ اور اس کا رسول تم پر ظلم کرے گا؟ میں نے عرض کیا، یا رسول اللہ مجھے گمان ہوا شاید آپ دوسری ازواج کے پاس تشریف لے گئے ہیں۔ آپ نے فرمایا ” اللہ تعالیٰ پندرہویں شعبان کی رات آسمانِ دنیا پر (اپنی شایانِ شان) نزول فرماتا ہے اور بنو کلب قبیلہ کی بکریوں کے بالوں سے زیادہ لوگوں کی مغفرت فرماتا ہے۔ (ترمذی جلد اول صفحہ٢٧٥، ابن ماجہ صفحہ ٩٩) امام ترمذی علیہ الرحمہ فرماتے ہیں اس باب میں سیدنا ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے بھی روایت ہے۔

(٢) مولائے کائنات حضرت علی کرم اللہ وجہہ روایت کرتے ہیں رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ، نصف شعبان کی رات میں قیام کرو اور دن میں روزہ رکھو ، کیونکہ اللہ تعالیٰ اسی رات غروب آفتاب تا طلوع فجر آسمانِ دنیا کی طرف متوجہ رہتا ہے اور فرماتا ہے ”کوئی ہے مجھ سے مغفرت طلب کرنے والا کہ میں اسے بخش دوں ، کوئی رزق طلب کرے تو اس کو رزق دوں ، کوئی مصیبت سے چھٹکارا چاہے تو اس کو عافیت دوں۔ (ابن ماجہ شریف صفحہ نمبر٩٩)

(٣) حضرت ابو موسیٰ اشعری رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت ہے ،”نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ! اللہ تعالیٰ شعبان کی پندرہویں شب ظہور فرماتا ہے اور مشرک و چغل خور کے علاوہ سب کی بخشش فرمادیتا ہے (سنن ابن ماجہ صفحہ ٩٩)

قبل مغرب مختصر عمل مگر اجر بے مثل:

ماہ شعبان کی چودہ (١٤) تاریخ کو قبل مغرب چالیس مرتبہ لَاحَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّۃَ اِلَّا بِااللّٰہِ الْعَلِیِّ الْعَظِیْمِ اور سو (١٠٠) مرتبہ درود شریف پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں چالیس برس کے گناہ معاف ہوتے ہیں۔ بہشت میں خدمت کے لئے چالیس حوریں مامور کردی جاتی ہیں ۔ (مفتاح الجنان)

http://sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-ash2/hs072.ash2/36946_411269600333_672380333_5161069_6952436_n.jpg

شعبان المعظم کے نوافل

آفات و بلیات و محتاجی سے نجات:

نماز مغرب کے بعد ٦ رکعات نوافل اس طرح پڑھیں کہ دو رکعت نماز نفل برائے درازی عمر بالخیرپڑھیں، پھر سورۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر مزید دورکعت نفل برائے ترقی و کشادگی رزق پڑھیں، پھر سوۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر مزید دو رکعت نفل برائے دفع بلیات و استغفار پڑھیں پھر سورۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر دعائے شعبان پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں انشاء اللہ ایک سال تک محتاجی اور آفات قریب نہیں آئیں گی۔

صلوۃ خیر سے چار ہزار نو سو (٤٩٠٠) حاجتیں پوری ہوتی ہیں:

حضرت خواجہ حسن بصری علیہ الرحمۃ الرضوان فرماتے ہیں کہ ” مجھے تیس صحابہ علیہم الرضوان نے بیان کیا ہے کہ اس رات جو شخص یہ نماز خیر پڑھتا ہے تو اللہ تعالیٰ اس کی طرف ستر مرتبہ نظر رحمت فرماتا ہے ایک نظر میں ستر حاجتیں پوری فرماتا ہے جن میں سب سے ادنیٰ حاجت گناہوں کی مغفرت ہے اس طرح کل چار ہزار نو سو حاجتیں پوری ہوتی ہیں۔ اس کا طریقہ یہ ہے کہ دو دورکعت کر کے صلوٰۃ خیر مستحب کی نیت باندھیں، ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد دس بار سورۃ اخلاص پڑھیں۔ پچاس نمازوں کی سو رکعتوں میں ایک ہزار مرتبہ سورۃ اخلاص پڑھیں گے۔

تمام صغیرہ و کبیرہ گناہوں کی معافی:

آٹھ رکعت نفل دو دو کرکے پڑھیے، ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد ٢٥ مرتبہ سورۃ اخلاص پڑھ کر خلوص دل سے توبہ کریں اور درج ذیل دعا کھڑے ہوکر بیٹھ کر اور سجدے میں ٤٤ مرتبہ پڑھیں ۔ گناہوں سے ایسے پاک ہوجائیں گے جیسے کہ آج ہی پیدا ہوئے ہوں۔

اَللّٰہُمَّ اِنَّکَ عَفُوٌّ کَرِیْمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّیْ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا کَرِیْمُ

رزق میں برکت اورکاروبار کی ترقی کیلئے:

دورکعت نماز ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد آیت الکرسی ایک مرتبہ ، سورۃ اخلاص پندرہ مرتبہ پڑھیں۔ سلام کے بعد سو مرتبہ درود شریف پڑھیں پھر تین سو تیرہ مرتبہ یَاوَہَّابُ یَا بَاسِطُ یَارَزَّاقُ یَا مَنَّانُ یَا لَطِیْفُ یَا غَنِیُّ یَا مُغْنِیُّ یَا عَزِیْزُ یَا قَادِرُ یَا مُقْتَدِرُ کا وظیفہ پڑھنے سے کاروبار میں برکت اور رزق میں وسعت ہوجاتی ہے۔

موت کی سختی آسان اور عذابِ قبر سے حفاظت:

چار رکعت پڑھیں ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد سورۃ تکاثر ایک مرتبہ اور اخلاص تین دفعہ پڑھ کر سلام کے بعد سورۃ ملک اکیس مرتبہ اور سورۃ توبہ کی آخری دو آیتیں اکیس دفعہ پڑھنے سے انشاء اللہ والرسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم موت کی سختیوں اور قبر کے عذاب سے محفوظ رہیں گے۔

صلوۃ التسبیح:

حضور اکرم نور مجسم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے حضرت عباس رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے فرمایا: اے چچا! کیا میں تم کو عطا نہ کروں، کیا میں تم کو بخشش نہ کروں، کیا میں تم کو نہ دوں، کیا میں تمہارے ساتھ احسان نہ کروں، دس فوائد ہیں کہ جب تم یہ کرو تو اللہ تعالیٰ تمہارے گناہ بخش دے گا۔ اگلا، پچھلا، پرانا ، نیا ، جو بھولے سے کیا جو قصدًا کیا، چھوٹا ہو ، بڑا ہو ، پوشیدہ ہو یا ظاہر ہو۔ اس کے بعد صلوۃ التسبیح کی ترکیب تعلیم فرمائی، پھر فرمایا کہ اگر تم سے ہو سکے تو ہر روز ایک بار پڑھا کرو یا پھر جمعہ کے دن ایک بار یا ہر ماہ میں ایک بار یا سال میں ایک بار یہ بھی نہ ہوسکے تو زندگی میں ایک بار ضرور پڑھو۔ طریقہ یہ ہے کہ نیت کے بعد تکبیر تحریمہ کہہ کر ثنا پڑھیں، پھر تسبیح سُبْحَانَ اللّٰہِ وَالْحَمْدُلِلّٰہِ وِلَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّااللّٰہُ وَاللّٰہُ اَکْبَرُ پندرہ بار پھر تعوذ ، تسمیہ ،سورۃ فاتحہ اور کوئی بھی سورۃ پڑھ کر رکوع میں جانے سے پہلے دس بار یہی تسبیح پڑھیں پھر رکوع میں دس بار، رکوع سے سر اٹھا کر قومہ میں تحمید کے بعد دس بار پھر سجدہ میں دس بار دونوں سجدوں کے درمیان جلسے میں دس بار، دوسرے سجدہ میں دس بار اس طرح چاروں رکعت میں پڑھیں ہر رکعت میں پچھتر(٧٥) بار چاروں رکعتوں میں تین سو (٣٠٠) بار تسبیح پڑھی جائے گی۔ یہ واضح رہے کہ دوسری ، تیسری اور چوتھی رکعتوں کے شروع میں فاتحہ سے پہلے پندرہ بار اور رکوع سے پہلے دس بار یعنی قیام میں پچیس (٢٥) بار اور رکوع و سجود میں سُبْحَانَ رَبِّیَ الْعَظِیْم اور سُبْحَانَ رَبِّیَ الْاَعْلیٰ تین مرتبہ پڑھ کر پھر تسبیح دس دس بار پڑھیں گے۔

روز محشر اللہ تعالیٰ کا دیدار اور اس کی نظر کرم:

اس نعمت کے وہ مستحق ہوں گے جو پندرہ شعبان کا روزہ رکھیں اور بعد نماز ظہر چار رکعت دو دو کر کے اس طرح پڑھیں کہ پہلی رکعت میں فاتحہ کے بعدسورۃزلزال ایک بار،سورۃ اخلاص دس بار، دوسری رکعت میں سورۃ تکاثر ایک بار، سورۃاخلاص دس بار، دوسری نماز کی پہلی رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد سورۃ کافرون تین دفعہ ،سورۃ اخلاص دس بار اور آخری رکعت میں آیت الکرسی تین دفعہ، سورۃ اخلاص پچیس بار، جو یہ عمل کریں گے تو روز محشر اللہ تعالیٰ کے دیدار سے مشرف ہوں گے۔ نیز اللہ تعالیٰ بھی ان کی طرف نظر کرم فرمائے گا۔

نوٹ: یاد رکھیں نوافل سے پہلے فرض نمازوں کی قضا کی ذمہ داری پوری کرنی ہوگی۔

دعائے نصف شعبان المعظم

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَللّٰہُمَّ یَا ذَ الْمَنِّ وَلَا یُمَنُّ عَلَیْہِ یَاذَالْجَلَالِ وَالْاِکْرَامِ ط یَا ذَاالطَّوْلِ وَالْاِنْعَامِ فلَاَ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اَنْتَ ظَہْرُ اللَّاجِئِیْنَ ط وَجَارُ الْمُسْتَجِیْرِیْنَ ط وَاَمَانُ الْخََآئِفِیْنَ ط اَللّٰہُمَّ اِنْ کُنْتَ کَتَبْتَنِیْ عِنْدَکَ فِۤی اُمِّ الْکِتٰبِ شَقِیًّا اَوْ مَحْرُوْمًا اَوْ مَطْرُوْدًا اَوْ مُقَتَّرًاعَلَیَّ فِی الرِّزْقِ ط فَامْحُ اللّٰہُمَّ بِفَضْلِکَ شَقَا وَتِیْ وَحِرْ مَا نِیْ وَطَرْدِیْ وَاقْتِتَارَرِزْقِیْ ط وَاثْبِتْنِیْ عِنْدَکَ فِیۤ اُمِّ الْکِتٰبِ سَعِیْدًا امَّرْزُوْقًا مُّوَفَّقًا لِّلْخَیْرَاتِ ط فَاِنَّکَ قُلْتَ وَقَوْلُکَ الْحَقُّ فِیْ کِتَابِکَ الْمُنَزَّلِ ط عَلٰی لِسَانِ نَبِیِّکَ الْمُرْسَلِ ط یَمْحُو اللّٰہُ مَا یَشَآءُ وَیُثْبِتُ وَ عِنْدَہ، اُمُّ الْکِتٰبِ o اِلٰہِیْ بِالتَّجَلِّیِّ الْاَعْظَمِ ط فِیْ لَیْلَۃِ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَہْرِ شَعْبَانَ الْمُکَرَّمِ ط اَلَّتِیْ یُفْرَقُ فِیْہَا کُلُّ اَمْرٍ حَکِیْمٍ وَّ یُبْرَمُ ط اَنْ تَکْشِفَ عَنَّا مِنَ الْبَلَاءِ وَالْبَلْوَ آءِ مَا نَعْلَمُ وَمَا لَا نَعْلَمُ وَاَنْتَ بِہٖ اَعْلَمُ اِنَّکَ اَنْتَ الْاَعَزُّالْاَکْرَمُ ط وَصَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَا لٰی عَلٰی سَیِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰی اٰلِہٖ وَ اَصْحَابِہٖ وَسَلَّمْ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰہِ رَبِّ الْعَلَمِیْنَ o

فاتحہ اور حلوہ کھانے اور کھلانے کے فائدے:

١٤ شعبان کو گھر میں خواتین (باوضو ہوں تو بہتر ہے) حلوہ پکائیں اور آقائے دوجہاں حضور اکرم حضرت محمد مصطفی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ، خاتون جنت سیدہ فاطمۃ الزہرا سلام اللہ علیہا، سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا، حضرت سیدنا حمزہ اور حضرت اویس قرنی رضی اللہ عنہما کی خصوصیت کے ساتھ نیز دیگر صالحین ، اولیائے کاملین ، سلاسل تصوف و طریقت کے بزرگان دین، اپنے آباؤ اجداد، اعزاو اقربا (جو حالتِ ایمان پر رحلت کر گئے ہوں) اور عام مومنین کی حلوے پر فاتحہ دلائیں اور ہمسایوں میں تقسیم کریں، خصوصاً محتاج و مستحقین امداد کو حلوے کے علاوہ کچھ خیرات بھی دیں۔ مشائخ سے منقول ہے یہ ارواح اپنے عزیزوں کی جانب سے فاتحہ و نذور کے منتظر ہوتے ہیں۔ ایصالِ ثواب کے تحفے وصول کرکے خوش ہوتے ہیں اور بارگاہ الٰہی میں اپنے زندہ عزیزوں کے حسنِ خاتمہ و آخرت کے لئے سفارش بھی کرتے ہیں۔ بخاری شریف کی حدیث جلد دوم صفحہ ٨١٧ کے مطابق حلوہ کھانا رسول اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی سنت متواتر اور سنتِ عادیہ دونوں پر عمل ہے۔ جبکہ حلوہ کھلانے سے متعلق اللہ کے پیارے حبیب ہمارے طبیب مصطفی کریم علیہ التحیۃ والتسلیم فرماتے ہیں” جس نے اپنے مسلمان بھائی کو میٹھا لقمہ کھلایا اس کو سبحانہ و تعالیٰ حشر کی تکلیف سے محفوظ رکھے گا،۔ (شرح الصدور، للعلامہ امام سیوطی مجدد قرن نہم)

قبرستان حاضری کے آداب

مرحومین اور عزیزوں کی مغفرت کیلئے: باوضو ہو کر اور تازہ گلاب(یا دوسرے پھول) لے کر قبرستان جائیں، قبروں کے آداب اور خصوصًاقبروں کے سرہانے لوح پر لکھی آیاتِ قرآنی کا احترام کریں، قبروں پر نہ چلیں، قبروں پر آگ نہ جلائیں یعنی روشنی کے لیے موم بتی یا چراغ جلانا منع ہے ، ہر قبرستان میں شہری انتظامیہ کی ذمہ داری ہے کہ بجلی کے کھمبوں کی تنصیب کرے اور ان ہی کھمبوں پر تیز روشنی کے بلب لگائے جائیں تاکہ پورا قبرستان روشن ہو کیونکہ قبرستان بہت گنجان ہوتا ہے قبروں کے درمیان قطعاً جگہ نہیں ہوتی کہ وہاں موم بتی یا چراغ جلا سکیں لیکن بعض نادان حضرات ایسا کرتے ہیں جو شرعاً منع ہے، خوشبو کے لئے اگر بتی جلا کر قبر سے ایک فٹ دور رکھیں۔ اپنی موت کو بھی یاد رکھیں، خواتین قبرستان میں نہ جائیں ۔ قبرستان میں داخلہ کے وقت یہ دعا پڑھیں۔

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَیْکُمْ یَا اَہْلَ الْقُبُورِ الْمُسْلِمِیْنَ اَنْتُمْ لَنَا سَلَفٌ وَّ اَنَا اِنْشَاءَ اللّٰہُ بِکُمْ لَاحِقُوْنَ نَسْاَلَ اللّٰہَ لَنَا وَلَکُمُ الْعَفْوَ وَ الْعَافِیَۃِ

پھر درج ذیل درود شریف ایک مرتبہ پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں اللہ تعالیٰ مُردوں پر سے ستر سال کے لئے اور چار دفعہ پڑھنے پر قیامت تک کا عذاب اٹھا لیتا ہے ۔ چوبیس مرتبہ پڑھنے والے کے والدین کی مغفرت ہوجاتی ہے اور اللہ تعالیٰ فرشتوں کو حکم دیتا ہے کہ اس کے والدین کی قیامت تک زیارت کرتے رہو۔

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ ط

اَلّٰہُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا مَّا دَامَتِ الصَّلٰوۃِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا مَّا دَامَتِ الرَّحْمَۃِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی رُوْحِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْارْوَاحِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی صُوْرَۃِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الصُّوْرِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی اِسْمِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْاَسْمَائِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی نَفْسِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی النُّفُوْسِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی قَلْبِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْقُلُوْبِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا فِی القُبُوْرِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی رَوْضَۃِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الرِّیَاضِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی جَسَدِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْاَجْسَادِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا فِی التُّرَابِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی خَیْرِ خَلْقِہ وَ ذُرِّیَّتِہ وَ اَہْلِ بَیْتِہ
وَاَحْبَابِہ اَجْمَعِیْنَ بِرَحْمَتِکَ یَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِیْنَ

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اس ماہ کے اہم تاریخی واقعات

ختحویل قبلہ کا حکم …١٦ شعبان٢ہجری، بوقت ظہرخ روزہ فرض ہوا…٢ہجری سیدنا حضرت امام حسین رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ، کی ولادت …٥ شعبان ٤ ہجری ولادت سیدہ بی بی زینب رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہاخ غزوہ سویق . . . ٤ ہجری غزوہ بنی مصطلق …٥ہجری غزوہ ذات قَرَد …٦ہجری جنگ یمامہ میں مسیلمہ کذاب کا قتل عہد صدیقی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …١١ ہجری مسجد نبوی شریف کی پہلی توسیع عہد ِ فاروقی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …١٧ ہجری جنگ جلولأعہد ِ فاروقی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …١٧ ہجری وفات حضرت قتادہ بن نعمان رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٢٣ ہجریخفتوحاتِ افریقہ، عہد عثمانی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٢٧ ہجری پہلا شفاء خانہ ، عہد امیر معاویہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٤٩ ہجری وفات مغیرہ بن شعبہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٥٠ ہجری وفات حضرت ثوبان و حضرت جبیر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٥٤ ہجری سیدنا امام حسین رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ کی مدینے سے مکہ آمداور یزید کا بیعت کیلئے اصرار…٣شعبان ٦٠ہجری وفات حضرت حمزہ الاسلمی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٦١ ہجری وفات حضرت مسلمہ بن مخلد رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٦٢ ہجری وفات حضرت عرباض بن ساریہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٧٣ہجری وفات حضرت انس رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ (خادم رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم )…٩٣ہجری شہادت حضرت سعید بن جبیر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٩٥ ہجری وفات امام حسن بصری رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …١١٠ ہجری شہادت امام اعظم ابو حنیفہص …٤شعبان ١٥٠ہجری وفات امام سفیان ثوری رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …١٦١ہجری ولادت امام مسلم رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ …٢٠١ہجری آلِ امام زید بن امام حسن علیہما السلام نے یمن میں خلافتِ زیدیہ کی بنیاد رکھی …٢٠٣ ہجری مامون الرشید نے موسیٰ برمکی کو سندھ کا والی بنایا…٢١٣ ہجری مامون کی رومیوں سے جنگ …٢١٧ ہجری وفات حضرت سرّی سقطی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ (خلیفہ حضرت معروف کرخی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ)…٢٥٣ہجری وفات مؤرخ ابن قتیبہ الدینوری…٢٧٦ ہجری وفات مشہور فقیہہ امام کرمانی علیہ الرحمہ…٢٨٠ہجری دمشق و مصر میں سنّیوں کی جان و مال پر قرامطیوں کے حملے…٢٨٩ہجری وفات ابن المر زبان …٣٦٦ہجری وفات ابو بکر خوارزمی…٣٨٣ہجری وفات ابو القاسم صیدلانی …٣٩٨ ہجری محمود غزنوی علیہ الرحمہ کا نگر کوٹ پر حملہ…٤٠٠ہجری وفات ابو الحسن قاسبی المعافری…٤٠٣ہجری وفات حافظ ابو بکر بن مردویہ الاصبہانی علیہ الرحمہ…٤١٠ہجری محمود غزنوی علیہ الرحمہ نے سومنات کا مندر توڑا…٤١٦ہجری خراسان پرسلجوقیوں کا قبضہ…٤٣٠ ہجری تخت نشینی مودود غزنوی…٤٣٣ ہجری وفات ابو الحسن بن القزوینی…٤٤٢ ہجری وفات ابو عثمان الصابونی…٤٤٩ ہجری وفات امام ابن حزم الظاہری…٤٥٦ ہجری جامع مسجد دمشق کو کئی بد عقیدہ گروہوں نے مکمل جلا دیا …٤٦١ ہجری بیت المقدس پر نصرانی صلیبیوں کا قبضہ…٤٩٢ ہجری وفات محمد بن عبدالکریم الشہرستانی…٥٤٨ ہجری سلطان شہاب الدین غوری کا سندھ پر حملہ…٥٧١ ہجری وفات ابو البرکات ابن الانباری…٥٧٧ ہجری سلطان صلاح الدین ایوبی علیہ الرحمہ نے ٢٩ رجب کو بیت المقدس فتح کرکے یکم شعبان کو مسجد اقصیٰ میں نماز جمعہ کی امامت فرمائی… ٥٨٣ ہجری امام فخر الدین رازی علیہ الرحمہ کو حاکم افغانستان نے ظلمًا ہرات سے نکال دیا…٥٩٥ ہجری وفات حضرت بہاؤ الدین بلخی علیہ الرحمہ(والد بزرگوار مولانا رومی)…٦٢٨ ہجری تخت نشینی فیروز شاہ تغلق…٦٣٣ہجری ولادت صاحب نحو میر سید شریف جرجانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٤٠ھ خامام ابن حجر عسقلانی (شارح بخاری) کی ولادت مصر میں ٧٧٣ھ وفات حافظ شیرازی …٧٩١ ہجری وفات حافظ زین الدین العراقی…٨٠٦ ہجری وفات تیمور لنگ…٨٠٧ ہجری شام میں شدید زلزلہ اور تباہی…٨١١ ہجری ولادت حضرت مولانا عبد الرحمن جامی ٨١٧ھ حکومت سکندر لودھی کا قیام …٨٩٤ ہجری حکومت ظہیر الدین بابر …٩٣٢ ہجری وفات حاجی خلیفہ صاحب کشف الظنون۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٦ ہجری مشہور مجذوب حضرت سرمد کی شہادت…١٠٧١ہجری بہادر شاہ ظفر کی گرفتاری…١٢٧٤ہجری خلافت عبدالحمید ثانی (عثمانیہ سلطنت)…١٢٩٣ہجری وصال شیخ الخطباء علامہ احمد ابو الخیر بن عبد اللہ الحنفی (جنت المعلیٰ) اعلیٰ حضرت کی تصنیف الدولۃ المکیہ پر تقریظ لکھی تھی) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٣٥ھ ایران کی قاچاری حکومت کا خاتمہ…١٣٤٢ہجری وفات مولانا محمد علی جوہر…١٣٤٩ہجری وفات مولانا حسرت موہانی…١٣٧٠ہجری آزادی مراکش و تونس…١٣٧٥ہجری آزادی اردن …١٣٧٦ہجری آزادی زنجبار…١٣٨٣ہجری۔ وصال مجاہد ملت فاتح سرحد علامہ عبد الحامد بدایونی (رفیق خاص قائد اعظم، راہنما تحریک پاکستان)۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢ جولائی ١٩٧٠ء

شعبان المعظم میں وفات پانے والے مشہور اولیاء و بزرگانِ دین رحمہم اللہ

یکم شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت بندگی شاہ لطف اللہ جونپوری ٭ مولانا قاضی سلطان محمود اعونی ١٣٣٧ھ ٭ محدث اعظم پاکستان مولاناسردار احمد لائل پوری۔

٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت مولوی شاہ ابو الحسن نصیر آبادی ١٢٧٢ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالکریم ملا فقیر اخون رامپوری ١٢٠٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابو الحسنات محمد احمد قادری ١١٠٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بازو پشاوری۔ ٭ حضرت علامہ محمد جان بحری آبادی ١٣٣٨ھ

٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سفیان ثوری ١٦١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الفرح طرطوسی ۔ ٭ مولانا حکیم عبدالماجد بدایونی ٢٣٥٠ھ(رہنما تحریک پاکستان)

٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ ام المؤمنین سیدہ حفصہ رضی اللہ عنہا ٤٥ھ ٭ امام اعظمسید نا نعمان بن ثابت ابو حنیفہ کوفی ١٥٠ھ ٭ حضرت بدرالدین صاحب ولایت سلیمانی ٦٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو سعید ابو الخیر فضل اللہ خراسانی ٤٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد افضل رازی نیشا پوری ٤٥٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ نور الحق تپاں پھلواری١٢٣٣ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ سید امیر اجمیری خوشاب سرگودھا ١٣٩٠ھ

٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت مولانا رضی الدین عبدالغفور لاری ہراتی ٩١٢ھ ٭ حضرت علی خواص جعفربن نصیر ٣٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ فحر الدین ابو الخیر چشتی (بن خواجہ خواجگان خواجہ غریب نواز ) ٦٦١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ کمال خجندی ٨٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا محمد یحییٰ قادری نقشبندی ١٣١٥ھ ٭ حضرت سیدشاہ محمد غوث بدایونی ١٢٥٥ھ ٭ حضرت غلام محی الدین امیر عالم مارہروی ٭ حضرت غائب شاہ غازی کراچی منوڑہ ٭ پیر غلام مرتضیٰ سرہندی مجددی (ملیر کراچی، رہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٤٠٢ھ

٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ زاہد بخاری ٨٩٣ھ علیہ الرحمۃ ٭ حضرت نور الدین کشمیری ٭ حضرت شیخ سید محمد کالپی شریف ٭ حضرت شاہ انوار الحق فرنگی محلی١٢٣٦ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا قادر بخش سہسرامی ١٣٣٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا نذیر احمد خجندی میرٹھی ١٣٥٥ھ

٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الیسر ثعلبی ٢٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ ہاشم لکھنوی ١١٣٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت سید اسد علی شاہ لکھنوی ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو سعید مبارک مخزومی ٭ مخدوم ابو القاسم نور الحق ٹھٹھوی ١١٣٨ھ ٭ علامہ ابو الحسنات محمد احمد قادری (مجاہد تحریک ختم نبوت، مصنف تفسیر حسنات، شرح قصیدہ بردہ شریف) ١٣٨٠ھ

٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت خواجہ شمس الدین محمد حافظ شیرازی ٧٢٩ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا رحیم بخش آروی ١٣٤٤ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا امام الدین سیالکوٹی نقشبندی ١٣٧٣ھ/١٢اپریل١٩٥٤ئ؁ ٭ شیخ القرآن حضرت علامہ محمد عبدالغفور ہزاروی ١٣٩٠ھ ۔

٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو علی ترکمانی ٢٦٧ھ ٭ حضرت قاضی احمد علی ١٢٣١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو القاسم جعفر مقری نیشاپوری ٣٧٨ھ ٭ حضرت مکیل بن زیاد ١١١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو منصور محمد انصاری ٤٣٠ھ حضرت شیخ المعمر بابا یوسف کوہی ٩٤٥ھ۔ ٭ پیر محی الدین لال بادشاہ مکھڑ شریف اٹک (راہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٣٨٣ھ

١٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید عبداللطیف قادری ١١٤٩ھ ٭ حضرت محمد حسن چشتی ہراتی ١٠٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا غلام دین لاہوری ١٣٩٠ھ۔ ٭ حضرت ابراہیم شاہ بخاری، کھارادر، کراچی۔ ٭ شیخ محمد معصوم سرہندی دہلوی ١٣١٤ھ

١١ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو سعید اعرابی ٣٤١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو محمد جاربردے ١٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ ابراہیم بلخی ٦٨٤ھ ٭ حضرت ابو اعلیٰ کاتب مصری ٣٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ حفص مدنی ٣٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت نجیب الدین علی برغش شیرازی ٦٧٨ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالباری صابری امروہی ١٢٢٦ھ ٭ پیر سید سردار احمد شاہ ، رحیم یار خان ١٣٥١ھ/١٩٣١ئ؁ ٭ حضرت علامہ مفتی محمد سعید بن صبغت اللہ محمد غوث محدث مدراس ١٣١٤ھ

١٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو یعقوب طبری١٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابو المعالی لاہوری ٦٢٠ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ حسین بازیاری بصری ٣٠٢ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ خاوند محمود ١٠٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید داؤود مکی ٣٢١ھ ٭ حضرت میر صالح کشفی اکبر آبادی ١٠٦٠ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبد الوہاب گمانی بغدادی ٥٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن علی مکی ٢٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت محمد فضل اللہ بن نصر اللہ مکی ٤٩٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کبیر الحسن کوفی ٨٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد بن محمود ٦١٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد قادری بغدادی ٧٢٠ھ

١٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شاہ رکن الدین کریمی ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین بخاری ٦٥٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین خلوتی ٧٨٣ھ ٭ حضرت شمس الائمہ عبدالعزیز حلوائی بخاری ٤٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالجلیل بغدادی ١١٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید فرید بخش بھکری ٨١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ قطب الدین بہاری ٧٨٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کمال کیتھلی١٠٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد بن مہدی ٧٩٧ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت ابو مزاحم شیخ ابراہیم شیرازی ٣٤٨ھ ٭ سلطان الواعظین حضرت علامہ عبد الاحد محدث پیلی بھیتی ١٣٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت قائم الدین قلندر مجذوب(بکیر شریف ٹنڈو الہ یار ١٢١٥ھ ٭ مولانا نور احمد حنفی پسروری سیالکوٹی ١٣٤٨ھ

١٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ ام المؤمنین سیدہ ام حبیبہ رضی اللہ عنہا ٤٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابی العزائم ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو عبد اللہ مدنی ٢٠٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ احمد جعفر ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ برہان مکی ٣١٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید طہٰ خراسانی بغدادی ٨٦٦ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم حافظ عبدالغفور پشاوری ١١١٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبدالعزیز تباعی مدنی ٩٤١ھ ٭ حضرت عبدل حنیف رسول شاہی دہلوی ١٢٤٥ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ فضالت دیلمی٢٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد اکبر مسعود ١١٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ نور العلی اکبر آبادی ٭ حضرت ابو زکریا یحییٰ بن غوث الاعظم ٦٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت یوسف بن حسین رازی ٣٠٤ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت شیخ علی بن محمد فاضل سورتی ١٣١٥ھ ٭

١٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت بایزید طفیور بسطامی ٢٦١ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ تاج العلا اکبر آبادی ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالطیف کشمیری ١١٣٤ھ ٭ حضرت عبید اللہ کرخی ٣٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت علاؤالدین علی واسطی٥٦١ھ ٭ حضرت علی بن حمید گردویہ مصری ٦١٢ھ ٭ حضرت فتح خراسانی بغدادی ٢٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ محمد یحییٰ بغدادی ٦١٧ھ ٭ ابو الفداء امام اسماعیل بن کثیر دمشقی ٧٧٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ نظام الدین بن شیخ عثمان ١٠١٨ھ ۔

١٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو بکر الداقی ٣٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ ابو العباس ٧٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت رویم رومی ٢٨٥ھ ٭ حضرت سید احمد عظیم آبادی ٦٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت شرف الدین قتال بغدادی ٧١١ھ ٭ حضرت سید علاؤالدین مدنی ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید علی ترمذی ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید عمر گیلانی لاہوری ١١١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ غلام غوث سندھی قادری ١٢٥٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید نور بخش گجراتی ٨٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد ابراہیم ترمذی ٣٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت مومن سواتی ١١١٣ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت پیر سید جماعت علی شاہ لاثانی١٣٥٨ھ

١٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ اسحق مغربی ٧٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت اسمٰعیل نیشاپوری ٣٦٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبدالفتاح گجراتی ٭ حضرت شیخ علی صوفی طبری ٩٠٨ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت مولانا سکندر علی خالصپوری ١٣١٤ھ ٭ پیر سید محمد فضل شاہ جلال پوری (امیر حزب اللہ) ١٣٨٦ھ

١٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید ابو صالح مدنی٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبد الوہاب ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو حفص عمرو حداد ٢٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت لعل شہباز قلندر٦٧٣ھ ٭ علامہ کرم الدین جہلمی ٭ حضرت سید احمد قادری ١٣٦٥ھ۔ ٭ حضرت سید حاجی نور علی جیلانی (نورائی شریف) ١٣٨٣ھ

١٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو بکر اشبیلی٢٩٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو بکر موافری ٤٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت احمد خراز ٢٨٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ اوحدی اصفہانی ٧٣٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ شمس الدین ترک٧١٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو عبداللہ محمد بن سعید مغربی ٢٧٩ھ ۔

٢٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سلطان شمس الدین التمش (فرمانر وائے ہند)٦٣٣ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ قوام الدین لکھنوی ٨٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ عبد الکافی ناروی الہ آبادی ١٣٥٠ھ (معروف عیسائی ادیب جارج برناڈ شا کے بھتیجے نے ١٣٤٠ھ/١٩٢١ء میں آپ کے ہاتھ پر اسلام قبول کیا)

٢١ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو طاہر عبدالرزاق اندلسی٣٢٥ھ ٭ حضرت احمد بن عطا شامے ٣٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت لعل شہباز قلندر عثمان مروندی ٦٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سلطان ترکمان دمشقی ٧١٤ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ عبدالقادر قلندر ثالث ٨٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ جمال کوروی ٨١٢ھ ٭ حضرت ابو نصر محمود بلخی ٨٦٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت خواجہ آدم امکنگی ١٠٠٨ھ ٭ علامہ عبد الحکیم فرنگی محلی ١٢٨٥ھ ٭ مولانا رضا علی حنفی بنارسی ١٣١٢ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا مفتی علی محمد مھیری (مترجم سندھی قصیدہ بردہ شریف ، مجموعہ فتاوی دو جلد) ١٣٦٧ھ

٢٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو علی مروزی ٤٣٤ھ ٭ حضرت ابو البیان ابن الحواری ٥٥١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الفرح بغدادی ٥٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالقادر مکی ٥٨٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید کبیر الدین شاہ دولہ گجراتی ٦٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ علاؤالدین ابدال مثالی ٨٤٥ھ ٭ حضرت محمد بھکر٩٨٩ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت سرمد دہلوی ١٠٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت فتح قلندر جونپوری ١١١٨ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالوالی لکھنوی ١٢٧٩ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ محمد شاہ بن حسن شاہ محدث رامپوری ١٣٣٨ھ

٢٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ رضا رفیقی کشمیری ١٢٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد عرف سید مرتضیٰ حسینی بلگرامی ثم مصری ١٢٠٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت علامہ شیخ محمد بن ہاشم فاضل سورتی ١٣١٥ھ

٢٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید عتیق اللہ چشتی ١١٣١ھ ٭ سید محمد اصغر علوی قادری رضوی١٣٩٧ھ(شیخوپورہ) ٭ پیر محمد شاہ بھیروی (والد پیر محمد کرم شاہ الازہری) ١٣٧٦ھ

٢٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ عبداللہ بن وہب (جامع موطا امام مالک)١٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابراہیم المسبوع الرسوقیہ ٣٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ صدر الدین قونیوی ٦٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا صفی الدین سرہندی ١٢٢٨ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالمجید ہروی ٤٥٣ھ ٭ حضرت قطب الدین قلندری ٨٨٠ھ ٭ حضرت حاجی شاہ محمد سعید اجمیری ١٢٢٥ھ ۔ ، ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد حسین چشتی صابری رامپوری ١٣١٢ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا تاج الدین ١٣٢٧ھ/فروری ١٩٢٩ئ ٭ حضرت مولانا تاج الدین ١٣٢٧ھ/٦ فروری ١٩٢٩ئ ٭ حضرت خواجہ غلام علی جان مجددی (شہید مکھڑ ضلع حیدرآباد )١٣٩٧ھ

٢٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الفیض ثوبان بن ابراہیم ذوالنون مصری (رئیس الصوفیائ) ٢٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جمال دہلوی ١١٥١ھ ٭ حضرت میر سید محمد کالپوری ابوالعلائی ١٠٧١ھ ۔

٢٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو سلیمان دارانی ٢١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بہلول جالندھری صابری ١١٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بہرام چشتی ٨٥٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین دہلوی ٩٩٠ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالعزیز مدنی ١٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالواسع مکی ٥٩٤ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالخالق گجراتی ١٠٧٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ علی بن خلیل مرصعی ٢٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن علی ہمدانی بصری ٤١٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ موسیٰ دیفری ٤٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو حفص وجیہ الدین سہروردی ٥٦٦ھ ۔

٢٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شاہ شیخ بلاول لاہوری ١٠٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کبیرجونپوری سہروردی ٩٦٢ھ ۔ ٭ علامہ محمد عالم امرتسری ثم مدنی ١٣٦٢ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ سید اختصاص حسین پھپھوندوی ١٣٦٤ھ ٭ شیخ محمود بن محمد سورتی ١٣١٥ھ ٭ پیر سید سعید شاہ بنوری کوہاٹی (راہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٣٩٠ھ

٢٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت اسمٰعیل علی نبینا علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام ٭ حضرت شاہ نعمت اللہ قادری پھلواری شریف

٣٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ فضل نیاز ٤٨١ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا عبدالحکیم سیالکوٹی ١٠٦٨ھ

رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہم و رحمۃ اللہ تعالیٰ علیہم اجمعین

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منجانب
انجمن ضیائے طیبہ ، کراچی ، پاکستان


Fiqah refers to Islamic Jurisprudence and is the explanation of the Shariah in the light of the Quran and Sunnah. There are four well-known schools of Jurisprudence, namely; Hanafi; Shafii; Hambali and Maliki. Fiqh plays a very important part in the life of every Muslim. The learned Jurists (Fuqaha) have derived the important rulings of the Shariah based on the commands of Quran and Sunnah. The importance of Fiqh and the excellence in understanding the Deen has been mentioned clearly in the Holy Quran and the Hadith.

Shafi’i, Malik, Ahmad, Imam-e-Hanif;
Chaar Baag-e-Imamat pe Laakhon Salam

Blessed Grave of Imam al-Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu in Baghdad Sharif, Iraq.

Fiqh in the Light of the Quran al-Karim

Intellect, acumen and understanding are great blessings of Allah. It is necessary for a Muslim to be blessed with these if he wishes to understand the Holy Quran, The Hadith, and the secrets and laws that have been mentioned therein.

Almighty Allah says

Verily, in it are signs for those who understand [Surah al-Rome, Verse 24]

In another verse of the Holy Quran Allah SubHanuhu wa Taala says

Verily, in it are signs for those who deliberate. [Surah al-Rome, Verse 21]

Almighty Allah says

And We present these examples for the people, so that they may contemplate [Surah al-Hashr, Verse 21]

Allah SubHanuhu wa Taala says

Undoubtedly, we have explained the signs in detail; for those who understand. [Surah al-Anaam Verse 98]

The above mentioned verses of the Holy Quran make it very clear that to attain Tafaqquh fid Deen, i.e. proper understanding and appreciation of the Deen; one has to be blessed with intellect and the capability to understand.

Those who have been blessed with the knowledge of Deen and especially with the knowledge of Fiqh are those who have been bestowed with special blessings by Allah SubHanuhu wa Taala.

The Holy Quran makes it very clear that those with knowledge and those who are unaware are not alike. Almighty Allah says

(O Beloved) Say you; Are those who know and those who know not equal? Surely, it is the wise alone that recognize the guidance. [Surah al-Zumar, Verse 9]

Almighty Allah says:

And he, who has been blessed with wisdom, has surely been blessed with great virtue. [Surah al-Baqarah, Verse 269]

It must be noted that the Mufasireen (commentators of the Quran) have mentioned that wherever in the Quran the mention of Wisdom has come, it refers to the knowledge of Fiqh. The importance of Fiqh, i.e. understanding the Deen is also evident from this verse of the Holy Quran.

Almighty Allah says

And it is not possible for all the believers to go out (at once); Then why should a delegation not come forth from every grouping, so that they may attain the understanding of Religion, thereafter returning to their people, warning them, in the hope that they may remain guarded. [Surah al-Tawbah, Verse 122]

Whilst explaining this verse of the Holy Quran, Sadrul Afaadil Allama Sayyid Naeemuddeen Muradabadi Alaihir raHma wa ar-Ridwan says:

It is not necessary for every person to become an Aalim or Faqih. However, every individual has to attain sufficient knowledge to be able to differentiate between that which is lawful and unlawful, and to know what Fard is and what Waajib is. To acquire this amount of knowledge is Fard-e-Ain upon every Muslim, and to acquire more knowledge than this is Fard-e-Kifaayah. It has been mentioned in the Hadith, that it is Fard upon every Muslim to acquire knowledge (of Deen). [Tafseer Khazain al-Irfan]

Blessed Grave of Imam Maalik Ibn Anas Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu in Baqi Sharif.

The Excellence of a Faqih in the Light of Hadith

Up to now, we have mentioned the importance of Fiqh in the light of the Holy Quran. This has been further explained and clarified in the Hadith Sharif.

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiyah Radi Allahu Taala Anhu has reported that the Beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said:

If Allah wills to bestow someone with special virtue; He makes him a Faqih of the Religion.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Chapter 13, Page 137, Hadith 71
Sahih Muslim, Volume 6, Chapter 34, Page 396, Hadith 2439
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 43, Hadith 200

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Taala Anhu reported that Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said:

Those who were good in the days of ignorance are also good in Islam, if they have understanding of the Deen.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 12, Chapter 8, Page 20, Hadith 3353
Sahih Muslim, Volume 15, Chapter 44, Page 450, Hadith 6311
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 43, Hadith 201

In this Hadith, Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam mentioned that people are bestowed with being better, on the basis of Fiqh, i.e. on the basis of their understanding of their Deen. This also proves that according to Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam, one of the best qualities in a person is for him to have knowledge of Fiqh.

Once the Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) made the following Dua for Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas Radi Allahu Taala Anhu by saying:

O Allah! Make him a Faqih of the Religion.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Chapter 10, Page 260, Hadith 143
Sahih Muslim, Volume 16, Chapter 45, Page 195, Hadith 6523
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 3, Page 340, Hadith 6139

Hadrat Ibn Abbas Radi Allahu Taala Anhu says that Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said

One Faqih is more superior over shaitaan, than a thousand worshippers.

Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 10, Chapter 19, Page 203, Hadith 2897
Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume 1, Chapter 39, Page 267, Hadith 227
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 47, Hadith 217

From this Hadith it is evident that a single Faqih (Jurist) is more powerful over shaitaan, than a thousand devout worshippers. The reason for this is that due to the knowledge which Almighty Allah has bestowed upon him, and due to his understanding of the Deen, he is able to recognise and avoid the traps and the trickery of shaitaan. In reality, he becomes the one who assist others to be protected from the trickery and deception of shaitaan.


Blessed Grave of Imam Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi’i Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu in al-Fustat, Egypt.

In Ilm al-Hadith, there are two things that are fundamental. The first being, the authenticity of the chain of transmission, and its narration; and the second being its meaning and understanding it. The Muhaditheen of the Ummah memorised and preserved the words and chain of transmission of the Hadith, whereas the distinguished Fuqaha carried the responsibility of understanding its true meaning and wisdom. It should also be noted that the distinguished Fuqaha also have complete expertise and proficiency in the subject of Hadith. One incident pointing to the importance and excellence of the Fuqaha is as follows:

Khateeb Baghdadi Alaihir raHma wa ar-Ridwan mentions that a Group of Muhaditheen were present, when a woman who used to bathe deceased females came forth and asked a question, Can a female who is menstruating give Ghusl to a female who has passed away or not?

Imam Yahya bin Mueen, Abu Hatheema, Zuhair bin Harb, and Khalf bin Saalim etc. who are regarded amongst distinguished Muhaditheen were present there. Each one of them began to look at the other, and none of them was able to give an answer immediately. At that time, Imam Abu Thaur who with the exception of being a Muhadith; was also a Mujtahid and a Faqih, passed by. The lady approached him and queried regarding the said issue. He said Yes, a female who is menstruating is permitted to give Ghusl to a deceased female. The reason being that once Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said to Hadrat Aisha Radi Allahu Taala Anha:

Your menstruation is not in your hand.

It is also mentioned in the Hadith that whilst in the condition of Haidh, Hadrat Aisha Radi Allahu Taala Anha used to sprinkle water in the hair of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) and she would comb a path in his hair. So, if in such a condition, water can be poured onto the head of a living person, why then can a deceased not be given Ghusl?

When the distinguished Muhaditheen heard this Fatwa of Imam Abu Thaur they began to discuss the chain of transmission of the Hadith he had mentioned, mentioning who its narrators were and how it was narrated. When the woman heard this, she said Where were you all this while? In other words, she tried to say that if that were the case, why then did they not give the answer. [Tareekh-e-Baghdad, Volume 6, Page 67]



Blessed Grave of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu in Baghdad, Iraq.

Compiled from the Book
Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa by
Allama Sayyid Shah Turab al-Haq Qadiri

Sayyid at-Taaifa Abul Qasim Hadrat Shaykh
Sayyiduna Junaid al-Baghdadi Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Shaykh ala al-Itlaaq, Qutb al-Istihqaaq, Mamba-e-Israar, Sultan-e-Tariqat, Sayyid at-Taaifa, Hadrat Shaykh Junaid Baghdadi is the eleventh Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyah Nooriyah. He is the Mureed and Khalifa of Hadrat Sirri Saqti Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.

BIRTH: He was born around the year 218 Hijri in Baghdad Shareef.

NAME: His name is Junaid-e-Baghdadi. He was known as Abul Qasim and he was blessed with titles such as, Sayyidut Taaifa, Ta’oosul Ulama, Qawareeri, Zuj’jaan and Lisaanul Qaum.

HIS CHILDHOOD: When he was seven years old, he went to Haramain Sharifain in the company of Hadrat Sirri Saqti. When they reached the Haram Shareef, four hundred Ulama were seated there, discussing the topic of Shukr (Gratefulness). All of the Ulama presented their views during this sitting. Hadrat Sirri Saqti then turned to Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi and said, "O Junaid! You too should say something." He lowered his sight for a few moments, and then said, "Shukr (gratefulness) is this, that you should not be disobedient through whatever bounties Allah has blessed you with, and you should not use it as a means of disobedience and causing distress." On hearing this, all the Ulama said together, "O Coolness of our Eyes. Whatever you have said, is the truth and you are honest in your words, and we cannot say better than what you have said." Hadrat Sirri Saqti said, "O My Dear Son! From where did you learn such exemplary words?" Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi said,"This is through the blessing of your esteem companionship." [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

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HIS EXCELLENCE: He was a great Aalim and Mufti. In his era, he was ahead of all in wisdom and eloquence. From the beginning, right up to the end of his life, he was loved by all. Everyone was pleased with him as the leader. There is no person that can point even a finger at the Maqaam of Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi. The only people who could not see the station of Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi were those who were blind in faith. He was known as the voice of the people, but he always called himself Abdul Masha’ikh (the servant of the Masters). Many of the Ulama also called him Sultan al-Muhaqiqeen. He had reached very high levels in Shariat and Tariqat. Many great Shaykhs followed his Silsila. He was the greatest Shaykh of his era. He spent time in the khidmat of Hadrat Muhaasibi. Once someone asked Hadrat Sirri Saqti if the Mureed can be more famous than the Peer and Hadrat Sirri Saqti said, "Yes, it is possible. The perfect example is right before you. I am the Peer of Junaid-e-Baghdadi, but he is more exalted than me."

HIS CHARACTER AND HABITS: Even though Hadrat Junaid-e- Baghdadi was such a great Wali, he was very humble. He always showed great respect to others, even to those who were not as exalted as him. Once he said to his mureeds, "If only I knew that it was better to read two rakaats of nafil than being with you, then I would have not sat amongst you." He kept fast for most of his life.

BUSINESS: Hadrat Junaid Baghdadi initially did business, and used to sell mirrors. His manner was, that he used to enter his shop, and then read four hundred rakaats of nafil salaah. This, he continue for many years. He then left his shop, and sat in the khidmat of his Peer-o-Murshid. He took a room in the house of his Peer and then spent his time their cleansing his heart. When he used to enter the state of Muraqiba, he would remove the musalla from under him as he did not wish to concentrate on anything. He only engrossed himself in the love of Allah and His Rasool. He spent forty years in Muraqiba (deep spiritual meditation). For thirty years, he stood after Esha until Fajr and make Zikrullah. He used to make his Fajr Salaah with the wudhu of Esha. He says, "For twenty years, I did not miss the Takbeer-e-Oola (First Takbeer of Namaaz in Jama’at), and if I thought of any worldly thing during Namaaz, I would repeat my Salaah, and if I thought of Jannat or the Hereafter in my Salaah, then I used to make Sajdah-e-Sahw."

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HIS EXCELLENCE IN THE COURT OF THE PROPHET: A Buzurg narrates, that he dreamt of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and Hadrat Junaid-e- Baghdadi was also seated in the Mehfil of the Prophet. He then saw that a person came and presented a query to the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, "Hand it over to Junaid. He will write the answer." The person then said, "Ya Rasoolallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam May my parents be sacrificed at your feet. How can it be given to Junaid in your presence?" The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, "Just as the Prophets are proud of their entire Ummah, I am proud of Junaid." [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1 Page 86]

Once a Sayyid who lived in Jilan, left home with the intention of Hajj. On his journey, he passed through Baghdad Shareef. He thus presented himself in the Darbaar of Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi. Hadrat asked him where he had come from. He said that he was from Jilan, and was a descendant of Hadrat Ali. Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi then said, "Your forefather Hadrat Ali used to draw two swords. One against the Kufaar and Mushrikeen, and the other against his Nafs. Which sword do you draw?" When the man heard this, he went into a spiritual state and began to roll on the ground. He then said, "This is my Hajj. Put me on to the path of Allah." Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi said, "Your heart, is the special Haram of Allah, thus you should try to the best of your ability no to allow any non-mahram to enter it." [Kashf al-Mahjoob, Page 119]

HIS LECTURES: Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi spent his entire life, serving the Deen of Allah and His Beloved Rasool. Once his Peer-o-Murshid, Hadrat Sirri Saqti asked him to deliver a lecture, and he said that he did not find it ethical to lecture in the presence of his Peer. One night, he dreamt of the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam commanded him to lecture. When morning came, he went to his Peer and found that his Peer was already awaiting his presence. As he entered the Khanqah, his Peer said, "We have all been asking you to lecture. Now the Beloved Rasool SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has given you the command to speak." He asked his Peer how he had known of his dream, and he said, "Last night I made Deedar of Allah Subhaanahu Ta’aala and I heard a voice which said that the Prophet had already commanded Junaid to lecture." He agreed to lecture on condition, that there were not more than forty people in his lectures. They agreed and he delivered his first lecture. During his first lecture, Eighteen people passed away. He then stopped his lecture and went back home. [Kashf al-Mahjoob, Page 201]

A SINCERE MUREED: Hadrat Junaid Baghdadi had numerous mureeds, but there was one particular mureed, towards whom he paid special attention. A few disciples were not pleased with this and asked him why he gave preference to the mureed over others. Hadrat said that he is the most intelligent and wise amongst all of them, and it was for this reason that he gave preference to him. Hadrat then said, "Let me prove this to you." He gave a chicken and a knife to each mureed, and asked them to sacrifice it where none would be able to see them. Each of the mureeds found a very quite and secluded area, and sacrificed the chicken. This one mureed, came back without slaughtering the chicken. Hadrat asked why he did not slaughter the chicken, and he said, "Huzoor! Where ever I went, I found the Qudrat of Allah present there, and I knew that He is All Seeing. It is for this reason that I had no option but to return without success." Hadrat then said, "Now, did you hear his answer. This is the reason due to which he is so dear to me."

HIS TRUST IN ALLAH: Once a man presented him with five hundred Ashrafis (coins). Hadrat asked if he had any other wealth with the exception of the five hundred Ashrafis. The man replied that he did. Hadrat said, "Will you ever need any more money in the future?" He said, "Why not Huzoor. There is always a need for money." Hadrat said, "Then you should keep these Ashrafis for yourself, for you are more needy than I am, since I have nothing, and still, I have no need for anything more. Even though you have wealth, you are still in need of more. I would really appreciate it if you would please take back this money, as I do not take from those who are in need themselves and I believe that My Lord alone is Ghani and the rest of the world are Faqeer."

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HIS KARAAMATS: Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi says, "The greatest Karaamat is to remain firm on the Shariat-e-Mustafa SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam." There is no doubt, that Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi was very firm on the Shariah, and his every action was the reflection of the Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.

BEING AWARE OF HIS MUREEDS CONDITION: There was a mureed of Hadrat who used to live in Basra. He once intended to commit a sin. The moment this thought entered his heart, his entire face turned black. When he looked in the mirror, he was amazed to see his condition. He was very ashamed and stayed in doors. After three days, the blackness disappeared and his face returned to its original colour. On the same day, a person delivered a letter to him, which was from His Peer-o-Murshid, Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi. When he opened the letter, he found the following written inside, "Keep your heart in control, and remain respectfully as a servant (of Allah). For three days and three nights, I had do to the job of a laundryman, so that I may wash away the blackness of your face." [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

A FIRE WORSHIPPER: Once a Majoosi (fire worshipper) put on a Zanaar (a so-called sacred thread worn by fire worshippers), and then disguised himself as a Muslim, by putting on the Arabian garb. He then presented himself before Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi and said, "I have come to ask the meaning of a Hadith Shareef, which says, "Itaqu bi firaasatil Mo’min Fa In’nahu yanzuroo bi Nooril’laahi" (Fear of the sight of a true believer, for he sees with the Noori of Allah). "Could you explain the meaning of this Hadith?" Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi heard his questioned and smiled. He said, "It means that you should break your zanaar, leave kufr and accept Islam." When he heard Hadrat’s reply, he was astonished, and immediately recited the Kalima Shareef and accepted Islam. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah, Page 233]

PROTECTION FROM SHAITAAN: Once, there was a mureed of Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi , who felt that he had perfected himself (become Kaamil). He thus, began to live in total seclusion. At night, he used to dream an Angel, which used to present a camel for him. He used to then sit on the camel, and the Angel would take him on a journey of Jannat. He used to enter a place that was very beautiful. He used to partake in delicious food and drinks, and he saw the most handsome people there. After a while, he would return to his home. He reached such a state, that he began to tell people, "I am amongst those who visits Jannah daily." This message reached Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi. Hadrat then went to visit him, and found him sitting with great pomp and splendour. Hadrat asked him about his claims, and he explained everything in detail. Hadrat said, "Tonight, when you reach this place, you must read Laa Howla wa Laa Quwwata il’la Bil’laahil Aliyil Azeem" That night, when he had the dream and he reached the so-called Jannat, he read as Hadrat instructed him to. The moment he read this, all those in his dream began to shriek and flee from him. He then sees that he is on a horse, and there are skeletons in front of him. On seeing this, be became afraid, and realised his mistake. All that he was seeing was just an illusion of Shaitaan. He immediately rushed to Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi and repented for his behaviour. He also learnt, that for a mureed to be by himself is like taking poison.

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HIS JALAAL: Due to his piety and knowledge, Hadrat Junaid-e- Baghdadi became very famous in Iraq. There were however those, who were jealous of his fame. They continuously made accusations against him, and also complained against him to the Khalifa. The Khalifa said that they could not do anything to him as long as there was no evidence against him. The Khalifa then said that he had a purchased a very beautiful slave girl, whose beauty outshone all the women of the city. He thus commanded that she be dressed in the most beautiful clothes and adorned with precious pearls and diamonds. Once she had been dressed, he called her and said, "I want you to go to where Junaid is and remove your veil from over your face and tell him that you want to be his, and that you have become weary of the world. All that you want is to live with him, and for him to help you to gain closeness to Allah." The Khalifa then appointed a servant to go with her, so that he may be witness to whatever may transpire. The woman presented herself before Hadrat and removed her veil, saying what the Khalifa had commanded. Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi looked up at her once and said something. The woman, could not bear the sight of the Jalaal of Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi and fell to the ground and passed away. When this message reached the Khalifa, he was very sad. He said, "Some people say things about the Masha’ikh which they should not say. The Shaykh has reached a level that he is able to see that where our sights can not venture." [Shajrat al-Kaamileen, Page 153/154]

GEMS OF WISDOM: Some of his beautiful and wise sayings are being presented, so that we may read and make amal upon them.

  • A Sufi is like the earth, that all the dirt is thrown onto him and yet it blossoms into a green pasture.
  • A Sufi is one, whose heart is like Hadrat Ibrahim , that it is free from the love of the world and one which is always ready to obey the commands of Allah, his acceptance should be like that of Hadrat Ismaeel , his sadness should be like that of Hadrat Dawood , His patience like that of Hadrat Ayoob , his eagerness should be like that of Hadrat Moosa and in Dua, his sincerity should be like that of The Beloved Rasool.
  • Tasawwuf is that which kills you and lives by itself.
  • The most powerful relationship, is that of the servant to his Creator, when he tries to understand the secrets of Tauheed, and all roads are sealed to the creation, except the road of the Prophet.
  • Do not follow him, who follows the Quran and leaves the Prophet.

HIS KHULAFA: Some of his most respected Khulafa are:

Hadrat Abu Bakr Shibli,
Hadrat Mansoor Abraar,
Hadrat Shah Muhammad bin Aswad Dinoori and
Hadrat Shah Ismaeel Al Aziz (Ridwanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een).

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WISAAL: When Hadrat became aware of his passing away, he asked for those present to assist him in wudhu, which they did. They had forgotten to make khilaal of his beard, so he reminded them of this. He then went into Sajdah, and began to weep. "O our Peer! You have sent before you so many good deeds and heaps of obedience. What is the purpose for this Sajdah?" He said, "Junaid has never been in so much need as he is now." He then began to recite the Quran, so one mureed said, "Hadrat! Are you reciting Quran Shareef ?" Hadrat said, "What better time is there than now, when my book of deeds will soon be close. I am seeing my deeds before me, hanging in the air by a thin thread as it sways from the wind blowing against it. I am not sure if this wind is one of union, or one of absolution. On one hand, I am seeing the Angel of death, and on the other hand, I am seeing the Pul Siraat. There is the Most Supreme Judge, and the path is there. I am not sure of which path I will pass through." After saying this, he completed the recitation of the Quran. He then read seventy verses of Surah Baqarah. Those present asked him to chant the words "Allah, Allah" He said, "Why are you reminding me. I have not forgotten." He then began reading the tasbeeh on all his fingers. When he reached the Shahaadat finger (index finger), he lifted his finger and said, "Bismil laah hir Rahman nir Raheem" He then closed his eyes, and the soul left his body, allowing him to travel from this mundane world into the Glorious hereafter. Hadrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi passed from this world, on a Friday, the 27th of Rajab, 297 or 298 Hijri.

After his wisaal, he was given Ghusl. Those giving ghusl wished to put water on his eyes, when they heard an unseen voice saying, "Do not touch the eyes of my beloved, since those eyes that have closed in my remembrance, shall not open before they see me." They then tried to open his fingers, and the voice said, "Those fingers that have been closed in my name, shall only open on my command." [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 308].

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in a place called Shaunizia, which is in Baghdad Shareef. Once someone asked Hadrat Abu Bakr Shibli a Masla (religious query) whilst he was at the Mazaar of Hadrat Junaid- e-Baghdadi. He said, "I feel ashamed to answer in front of the Mazaar of Hadrat as I felt ashamed to answer in his presence, for I still feel that his sight is upon me."

AFTER HIS WISAAL: After his wisaal, a pious person dreamt of him and asked about the questions of the Angels Munkar and Nakeer. He said, "The Angels came to me and asked who is my Lord, and I smiled and said, "My Lord is He, Who took the pledge from me on the first day, thus what need is there for me to answer to the servants, after I have already answered to the King. They Angels then left me and said, ‘He is still drowned in love and is resting in the same love.’"

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Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Moosa bin Ja’far
"al-Kaadhim" Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Moosa Kaazim Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu is the Seventh Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyah Nooriyah. He was a great Aalim and is a Wali-e-Kaamil.

BIRTH: He was born in Abwa Sharif (between Makkah Mukarrama and Madinah Munawwarah), on a Sunday, either on the 7th or the 10th of Safar, 128 Hijri. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 225]

NAME: His name was Moosa, and he was also known as Saami, Abul Hassan and Abu Ibrahim. His titles were Saabir, Saaleh, Ameen and Kaazim.

HIS PARENTS: His father was Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq and his mother was Umm-e-Wulad Bibi Hameeda Radi Allahu Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een .

HIS FEATURES: He was of good height, and very handsome. He was tan in complexion and some have said that he was not very fair in complexion. [Anwaar-e-Sufiyah, Page 92]

SHAYKH-E-TARIQAT: He is the mureed and Khalifa of his father, Hadrat Imam Jaafar as-Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.

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HIS EXCELLENCE: Hadrat Moosa Kaazim was such a blessed personality, that whomsoever took his name as a wasila, they found that all their duas were accepted. It is for this reason, that the people of Iraq referred to him as Baabul Hawaa’ij (The Door at which all their problems were answered).

Hadrat Imam Shafi’i Radi Allahu Anhu says that

The Mazaar Shareef of Imam Moosa Kaazim is a great means of acceptance.

Hadrat Imam Jaafar as-Saadiq Radi Allahu Anhu says,

"From all of my children, the most exalted is Moosa Kaazim. He is a pearl from amongst the pearls (treasures) of Allah."

He was an Aabid and Zaahid, and spent his days keeping fast, and his nights in the ibaadat of Allah. He was also known as Abdus Saaleh, due to the lengthy nights that he used to spend in the Ibaadat of Almighty Allah. He was known as Kaazim (one who drinks his anger), due to his humility and simplicity. He was also very generous and kind. He would go out in search of the needy in Madinah Munawwarah, and would then send people to distribute money to them in the darkness of night, and none would know from where they had received the money. He never turned any supplicant away at any time. He always fulfilled the needs of those who asked his assistance. Whenever he met any person, he would be first in making Salam. If someone spoke against him or tried to harm him, then he even took care of that person by sending him money and treating him kindly. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 226]

Hadrat Shafeeq Balkhi who was a contemporary of Imam Moosa Kaazim says,

"On my way to Hajj in 149 Hijri, I stopped over at a town called Qaadisiya. I was looking at the behaviour and the manner of the people living there, when my sight fell upon a very handsome young man, who was wearing a Suf (blended cotton fabric) cloth over his clothes, and a pair of shoes. He sat away from the rest of the people. I began to think that he was a Sufi kind of person and wanted to be an obstacle in the way of the people. I thus went towards him to give him some advice. When he saw me coming towards him. He called my name and told me exactly what I was thinking. I then thought in my heart, that this is definitely a pious man, as he does not even know me, yet he called me by my name and said what was in my heart. I felt that I should meet with him and ask his forgiveness. I rushed to find him, but he had already gone away. I searched for a very long time, but could not find him. We stopped at a place called Fida during our journey, and again I saw him. He was in namaaz, and he was trembling and weeping. I walked towards him again, with the intention of asking him to forgive me, when he said, "O Shafeeq Read! Verily I am Compassionate towards him who repented and brought faith and did good deeds and then walked the straight path." He read this verse, and then walked away. I then began to think that he was from amongst the Abdaals (a station of Wilaayat), for he has read my heart twice already. Then we went to Mina, and I saw him again. He was standing at a well, with a huge bowl in his hand. He was intending to take some water. Then all of a sudden the bowl fell from his hands into the well. When this happened, he recited the following couplet: ‘You are my Sustainer, when I am thirsty for water, and You are my strength when I intend to eat.’ He then said, ‘O Allah! O my Creator! O my Lord! You know that with the exception of this bowl, I have nothing else. Do not deprive me of this bowl.’ By Allah, I saw that the water in the well reached the top of the well and he stretched out his hand and filled his bowl with water. He then performed wudhu and read four rakaats of Namaaz. After Namaaz, he filled sand into his bowl of water and began to stir it. He then began to drink the mixture of sand and water. I went close to him and said salaam. He returned my salaam. I then asked if he would bless me with some of the blessings which he has attained. He said, ‘O Shafeeq! My Lord has always bestowed his hidden and apparent bounties upon me, so always intend good from your Lord.’ He then handed his bowl over to me. When I drank out of it, By Allah it was a sweet drink, and never have I tasted something so delicious. The barkat of that meal was such, that I did not feel any hunger and thirst for may days. Then I did not see him until we entered Makkah Mukarramah. I again saw him late one night near the well of Zamzam, reading Namaaz, weeping and trembling. After his Namaaz he sat there for a long time and read tasbeeh. He then read his Fajr Salaah and went to the Haram to perform the Tawaaf. As he left the Haram, I followed him, but I was amazed to see him in a completely different situation to which I had seen him during our journey. I saw his friends, disciples and servants all around him. They sealed of the entire area around him as he arrived and they began to make his khidmat. Each one of them were making salaam to him with great love and respect. On seeing this, I asked one person, ‘Who is this young man?’ He said, ‘he is Moosa bin Jaafar bin Muhammad bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Abi Taalib.’ [Jaami' al-Manaaqib, Page 226/230]

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KARAAMATS: Imam Moosa Kaazim performed many miracles. A few of his miracles are quoted below for us to attain barakaat.

KNOWLEDGE OF THE UNSEEN: Ishaaq bin Amaar says, that when Imam Moosa Kaazim was imprisoned, then the Saahibain of Imam Abu Hanifa, namely Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad bin Hassan (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een) went to meet with him, so that they ask him some important questions. Whilst they were seated with him, a prison guard came to him and said, ‘I am now about to complete my duty and I am on my way home. If there is anything you need, please let me know, so that I may arrange it for you tomorrow when I return.’ Hadrat Moosa Kaazim looked at him and said, ‘There is nothing I need. All is well.’ As he left, Imam Moosa Kaazim said, ‘I am amazed by him, that he wants to know if there is anything that he can do for me tomorrow, whereas tonight he will pass away.’ When Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een) heard this, they said, ‘We came here to learn about some laws relating to fard and sunnahs and he discusses Ilm-e- Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen).’ Both of them, then sent a man to follow the prison guard to see the outcome of what Imam Moosa Kaazim said. The man sat outside the house of the prison guard, as he was instructed. When he heard the sounds of weeping and screaming, he enquired as to what had happened. The people of the house informed him that the guard had passed away. When this message reached Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (radi Allahu anhum), they were astonished. [Tashreef al-Bashar, Page 84]

HIS FORESIGHT: Esa Mada’ini says that he worked for a year in Makkah Mukarramah and then decided to spend a year in Madinatul Munawwarah as he felt that this would be a means of achieving many blessings. He arrived in Madinatul Munawwarah and often visited Imam Moosa Kaazim whilst he was there. One day whilst he was seated in the presence of Hadrat Moosa Kaazim, the Imam looked at him and said, "O Esa! Go and see, your house has collapsed over all your belongings." Esa Mada’ini immediately rushed home and found that his house had collapsed over all his belongings. He quickly employed a man that was passing by to remove all his belongings from the house. He then realised that his jug was missing. The following day, he went to meet Hadrat Moosa Kaazim who said, "O Esa! Did you lose anything when your house collapsed. If so, let me know, so that I may make dua and Allah shall bless you with something better in its place." Esa Mada’ini answered that everything was found except a jug. Hadrat then lowered his head for a while and then raised his head and said, “You removed it from the house before it collapsed and you have forgotten about where you left it. Go to the maid of the house and ask her to give the jug to you.” He did this, and found that the maid handed over the lost jug to him. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Page 83]

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HIS CHILDREN: Almighty Allah had blessed Imam Moosa Kaazim with many children. The names of his children are as follows:

Sons: Hadrat Ali Raza, Zaid, Aqeel, Haaroon, Hassan, Hussain, Abdullah, Abdur Rahmaan, Ismaeel, Ishaaq, Yahya, Ahmad, Abu Bakr, Muhammad, Akbar, Jaafar Akbar, Jaafar Asghar, Hamza, Abbas, Qaasim

Daughters: Bibi Khadija, Asmaul Akbar, Asmaul Asghar, Faatimatul Kubra, Faatimatus Sughra, Zainab Kubra, Zainab Sughra, Umme Kulthoom Kubra, Umme Fardah, Umme Abdullah, Ummul Qaasim, Aaminah, Hakeema, Mahmooda, Imaama, Maimoona (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een).

HIS KHULAFA: The names of all his Khulafa can not be found, but His two well-known khulafa are being mentioned:

1. Hadrat Shaykh Ali Raza
2. Hadrat Shaykh Matlibi [Anwaar-e-Sufiyah, Page 93]

WISAAL: He commanded one of his servants to be the administrator of his funeral arrangements. Hadrat Sayyiduna Moosa Kaazim was poisoned by his enemies. He passed away on either the 5th or 25th of Rajab, 183 Hijri on a Friday, at the age of 55.

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in a place called Kaazmeen (Kadhimiyah) in Iraq.

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♥ فضائل شب معراج شریف ♥
یوم بعثت نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم

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بیہقی شعب الایمان اور دیلمی نے مسند الفردوس میں سلمان فارسی رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً روایت كی:

فی رجب یوم ولیلة من صام ذٰلك الیوم وقام تلك اللیلة كان كمن صام من الدهر مائة سنة وقام مائة سنة وھو لثلث بقین من رجب وفیه بعث اﷲ تعالٰی محمدا صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلّم۔
رجب میں ایک دن اور رات ہے جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور وُہ رات نوافل میں گزارے سَو برس كے روزوں اور سَو برس كے شب بیداری كے برابر ہو، اور وہ ۲۷رجب ہے اسی تاریخ اﷲ عزوجل نے محمد صلی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ وسلم كو مبعوث فرمایا۔

الفردوس بمأثور الخطاب حدیث ٤۳۸۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٤۲
شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤

نیز اسی میں بطریق ابان بن عیاش حضرت انس رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً مروی:

فی رجب لیلة یكتب للعامل فیھا حسنات مائة سنة، وذٰلك لثلٰث بقین من رجب فمن صلی فیه اثنتی عشرة ركعة یقرأ فی كل ركعة فاتحة الكتاب وسورة من القرأن، ویتشھد فی كل ركعة ویسلم فی اٰخرهن، ثم یقول، سبحٰن اﷲ والحمدﷲ ولاالٰہ الااﷲ واﷲ اكبر مائة مرة ویستغفر اﷲ مائة مرة ویصلی عن النّبی صلی اﷲتعالٰی علیہ وسلم مائة مرة ویدعو لنفسہ ماشاء من امر دنیاه واٰخرته ویصبح صائما فان اﷲ یستجیب دعاء كلہ الاان یدعوفي معصیة۔
رجب میں ایک رات ہے كہ اس میں عمل نیك كرنے والے كو سَو برس كی نیكیوں كا ثواب ہے اور وہ رجب كی ستائیسویں شب ہے جو اس میں بارہ ركعت پڑھے ہرركعت میں سورہ فاتحہ اور ایك سورت، اور ہر دوركعت پر التحیات اور آخر میں بعد سلام سبحن اﷲ والحمد ﷲ ولاالٰہ الا اﷲ واﷲ اكبرسو بار، استغفار سَو بار، درود سو بار، اور اپنی دنیا وآخرت سے جس چیز كی چاہے دعا مانگے اور صبح كو رزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كی سب دعائیں قبول فرمائے سوائے اس دُعا كے جو گناہ كے لیے ہو۔ (شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۲۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤)

فوائد ہناد میں انس رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنہ سے مروی:

بعث نبیا فی السابع والعشرین رجب فمن صام ذٰلك الیوم ودعا عند افطارہ كان لہ كفارة عشر سنتین۔
۲۷ رجب كو مجھے نبوت عطا ہُوئی جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور افطار كے وقت دُعا كرے دس برس كے گناہوں كا كفارہ ہو۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ فوائد ہناد كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارالكتب العلمیة بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

جزء ابی معاذ مروزی میں بطریق شہر ابن حوشب ابوھریرہ رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے موقوفاً مروی:

من صام یوم سبع وعشرین من رجب كتب اﷲ له صیام ستین شھرا وھو الیوم الذی هبط فیه جبریل علی محمد صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم بالرسالة۔
جو رجب كی ستائیسویں كا روزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كے لیے ساٹھ مہینوں كے روزوں كا ثواب لكھے، اور وُہ وُہ دن ہے جس میں جبریل علیہ الصلٰوة والسلام محمد صلّی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ و سلم كے لیے پیغمبری لے كر نازل ہُوئے۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیه بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

تنزیه الشریعة سے ماثبت من السّنة میں ہے:

وھذا أمثل ما ورد فی ھذا المعنی۔
یہ اُن سب حدیثوں سے بہتر ہے جو اس باب میں آئیں۔ بالجملہ اس كے لیے اصل ہے اور فضائلِ اعمال میں حدیثِ ضعیف باجماعِ ائمہ مقبول ہے واﷲتعالٰی اعلم۔

تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱
ما ثبت بالسنة مع اردو ترجمہ ذكرماہِ رجب ارادہ نعیمیہ رضویہ لال كھوہ موچی گیٹ لاہور ص ۲۳٤

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Dua is the most powerful weapon of a believer. It can change fate, while no action of ours ever do. It is the brain of Ibadah or worship. With it we can never fail; without it we can never succeed. With all the suffering and disasters Muslims are facing in various parts of the world, the question of Dua can be directed to all of us today. It is not that we have forgotten Dua completely; we refer to it regularly. But, our ideas and practice regarding Dua have become distorted. Often it is reduced to the level of a ritual. It is belittled through actions and sometimes even with words. Almighty Allah says:

And your Lord said: Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily, those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation. [Surah al-Ghafir, Verse 60]

The Almighty Allah states:

When the suffering reached them from Us, why then did they not learn humility? On the contrary their hearts became hardened (with arrogance), and Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them. [Surah al-An'am, Verse 43]

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..:: THE EXCELLENCE OF DUA ::..

There are numerous Ahadith relating to the excellence of Dua.

HADITH NO. 1

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states that Almighty Allah says:

I am with the supposition of My servant. [Recorded in Bukhari (Hadith 7239), Muslim, Tirmidi, Nisai and Ibn Maja on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah]

This means that as a servant imagines or has an opinion concerning Allah, the Merciful Lord accordingly reacts with him. Knowledge and Qudrat is with everything but there is a special proximity of mercy with those who make Dua to Him. What bigger mercy can a servant ask for than being blessed with the Divine Proximity of the Sublime Lord? Thousands of acceptances and millions of desires and intentions may be sacrificed on such Divine Proximity!

HADITH NO. 2

There is nothing nobler to Allah than Dua. [Recorded in Tirmidi, Ibn Maja, Ibn Habban and Hakim narrated by Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah. Also cited in Tahzib al-Kamil, Vol. 4, Page 309]

HADITH NO. 3

The Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam narrates from his Lord who says:

Oh children of Adam Alaihis Salam! Until such time you make Dua to Me and have trust and hope in Me, I will continue forgiving your sins no matter what they are, and I do not care of anything (i.e. He is Independent.) [Tirmidi on the narration of Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik, Hadith 3463]

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HADITH NO. 4

The Beloved Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Do not get fed up with Dua, for no one will perish with (continuously asking) Dua. [Narrated by Ibn Habban and Hakim, Sahih Ibn Habban, Hadith 872]

HADITH NO. 5

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Dua is a weapon of a Muslim, a Pillar of Deen and the light of the skies and earth. [Narrated by Hakim from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah and Abu Yala from Sayyiduna Ali al-Murtudah, Hadith 6163]

HADITH NO. 6

It is narrated that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

All those calamities and misfortunes (Bala) that descends and that which will descend in the future can be averted and protected from, by Dua. So, Oh servant of Allah! Observe Dua! [Narrated by Tirmidi and Hakim from Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Umar, Sunan al-Tirmidi, Hadith 3471]

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HADITH NO. 7

It is reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

When Bala descends, Dua intercepts it and then both wrestle till Qiyamah. (i.e. Dua does not allow the Bala to descend to the earth.) [Reported by Bazar, Tabrani, and Hakim from Umm al-Mu'minin Sayyidah Aieshah Siddiqah, Mustadrak al-Hakim, Hadith 1813]

HADITH NO. 8

The Habib of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Dua is the essence of worship.

HADITH NO. 9

It is reported that the Noble Prophet of Islam SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

Must I not inform you of that thing which will protect you from your enemy and increase your sustenance? Make Dua to Allah day and night because Dua is a weapon of a Mumin. [Narrated by Abu Yala from Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah, Hadith 6164]

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HADITH NO. 10

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Allah casts His Anger on those who do not make Dua to Him. [Reported by Imam Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaybah, and Al-Bukhari in Adab al Mufrad, Tirmidi, Ibn Maja and Hakim on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah, Hadith 3295]

Such concepts and meanings are also reported in the Hadith al-Qudsi as follows:

One who does not make Dua to Me, I will direct My Anger at him. (Allah save us from this!) [Reported by Al-Askari in his Mawaiz]

Oh Beloved! Dua is an amazing wealth that Allah I blessed His servants with, and through it gave them honour. There is nothing more effective and powerful in fulfilling needs in desperation besides Duas. Likewise, nothing is more potent in removing Bala than Duas. A person benefits from five things of a single Dua:

1. He is included in the category of Abids (worshippers) because Dua by nature is Ibadah, in fact, the secret of Ibadah.
2. In Dua one acknowledges ones inferiority and dependency in relation to the Omnipotent Lord and His Divine mercies.
3. Obedience to the sacred Shari’ah because it has laid great stress in making Duas and Divine Anger on those who doubt making Dua.
4. It is a great Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam as he made Dua frequently and ordered others to do the same.
5. It is a deterrent of Bala and achiever of goals as mentioned in the Holy Quran. If man seeks security from Allah I from calamities, then the Merciful Lord will give it to him. If one seeks a desire to be fulfilled, the Sublime Creator will shower His mercies on him or else blesses him with Thawab in the Akhirah.

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The Master of the Sinless, Sayyiduna Rasoollulah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

A servants Dua is never void of three things:

1) either his sins are forgiven,
2) or he benefits in this Duniyah
3) or virtues are accumulated for him in the akhirah.

When the servant will observe this Thawab accumulated for him in the akhirah in recompensation for that which was not fulfilled in the Duniyah, then he will desire that none of his desires should have been fulfilled in the Duniyah, but rather be accumulated for the Akhirah.

This desire and benefit is for him who desires so in this Duniyah when making Dua. It is advised that when making Dua, this ethic should be considered seriously.

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DU’A – Definition: Supplication, Invocation, Prayer

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Dua is the most powerful weapon of a believer. It can change fate, while no action of ours ever do. It is the essence of Ibadah or worship. With it we can never fail; without it we can never succeed. With all the suffering and disasters Muslims are facing in various parts of the world, the question of Dua can be directed to all of us today. It is not that we have forgotten Dua completely; we refer to it regularly. But, our ideas and practice regarding Dua have become distorted. Often it is reduced to the level of a ritual. It is belittled through actions and sometimes even with words. Almighty Allah says:

And your Lord proclaimed, Pray to Me, I will accept; indeed those who stay conceited towards worshipping Me, will enter hell in disgrace. [Surah al-Ghafir, Verse 60]

The Almighty Allah states:

So why did they not humbly plead when Our punishment came to them? But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all their deeds appear good to them! [Surah al-An'am, Verse 43]

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..:: THE EXCELLENCE OF DUA ::..

There are numerous Ahadith relating to the excellence of Dua.

HADITH NO. 1

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states that Almighty Allah says:

I am as My servant thinks of Me. [Recorded in Bukhari (Hadith 7239), Muslim, Tirmidi, Nisai and Ibn Maja on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah]

This means that as a servant imagines or has an opinion concerning Allah, the Merciful Lord accordingly reacts with him. Knowledge and Qudrat is with everything but there is a special proximity of mercy with those who make Dua to Him. What bigger mercy can a servant ask for than being blessed with the Divine Proximity of the Sublime Lord? Thousands of acceptances and millions of desires and intentions may be sacrificed on such Divine Proximity!

HADITH NO. 2

There is nothing nobler to Allah than Dua. [Recorded in Tirmidi, Ibn Maja, Ibn Habban and Hakim narrated by Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah. Also cited in Tahzib al-Kamil, Vol. 4, Page 309]

HADITH NO. 3

The Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam narrates from his Lord who says:

Oh the children of Adam! Until such time you invoke Me and have trust and hope in Me, I will continue forgiving your sins no matter what they are, and I do not care of anything (i.e. He is Independent.) [Tirmidi on the narration of Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik, Hadith 3463]

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HADITH NO. 4

The Beloved Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Do not get fed up with Supplication, for no one will perish with (continuous) Supplication. [Narrated by Ibn Habban and Hakim, Sahih Ibn Habban, Hadith 872]

HADITH NO. 5

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Dua is a weapon of a Muslim, a Pillar of Deen and the light of the skies and earth. [Narrated by Hakim from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah and Abu Yala from Sayyiduna Ali al-Murtudah, Hadith 6163]

HADITH NO. 6

It is narrated that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

All those calamities and misfortunes that descends and that which will descend in the future can be averted and protected from, by Dua. So, Oh servant of Allah! Observe Dua! [Narrated by Tirmidi and Hakim from Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Umar, Sunan al-Tirmidi, Hadith 3471]

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HADITH NO. 7

It is reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

When some misfortune descends, the supplication intercepts it and then they both wrestle till Qiyamah. (i.e. supplication does not allow the misfortune to descend to the earth.) [Reported by Bazar, Tabrani, and Hakim from Umm al-Mu'minin Sayyidah Aieshah Siddiqah, Mustadrak al-Hakim, Hadith 1813]

HADITH NO. 8

The Habib of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Supplication is the essence of worship.

HADITH NO. 9

It is reported that the Noble Prophet of Islam SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

Must I not inform you of the thing which will protect you from your enemy and increase your sustenance? Make Supplication to Allah day and night because Supplication is a weapon of a Mumin. [Narrated by Abu Yala from Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah, Hadith 6164]

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HADITH NO. 10

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

Allah casts His Anger on those who do not invoke Him. [Reported by Imam Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaybah, and Al-Bukhari in Adab al Mufrad, Tirmidi, Ibn Maja and Hakim on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah, Hadith 3295]

Such concepts and meanings are also reported in the Hadith al-Qudsi as follows:

One who does not invoke Me, I will direct My Anger at him. (Allah save us from this!) [Reported by Al-Askari in his Mawaiz]

Oh Beloved! Supplication is an amazing wealth that Allah I blessed His servants with, and through it gave them honour. There is nothing more effective and powerful in fulfilling needs in desperation besides Duas. Likewise, nothing is more potent in removing Bala than Duas. A person benefits from five things of a single Dua:

1. He is included in the category of Abids (worshippers) because Supplication by nature is Ibadah, in fact, the goal of Ibadah.
2. In supplication one acknowledges ones inferiority and dependency in relation to the Omnipotent Lord and His Divine mercies.
3. Obedience to the sacred Shari’ah because it has laid great stress in making supplications – and the danger of Divine Anger on those who do not supplicate.
4. It is a great Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam as he supplicated frequently and ordered others to do the same.
5. It is a deterrent of Bala and achiever of goals as mentioned in the Holy Quran. If man seeks security from Allah from calamities, then the Merciful Lord will give it to him. If one seeks a desire to be fulfilled, the Sublime Creator will shower His mercies on him or else blesses him with Thawab in the Akhirah.

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The Master of the Sinless, Sayyiduna Rasoollulah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states:

A servants supplication is never void of three things:

1) either his sins are forgiven,
2) or he benefits in this world,
3) or virtues are accumulated for him in the hereafter.

When the servant will observe this reward (Thawab) accumulated for him in the hereaftr in compensation for that which was not fulfilled in the Duniyah, then he will desire that none of his desires should have been fulfilled in the world, but rather be accumulated for the hereafter.

This desire and benefit is for him who desires so in this Duniyah when supplicating. It is advised that when making Dua, this ethic should be considered seriously.

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Taken from
aHsan al-Wiyah li Aadab al-Du’a by Imam Naqi Ali al-Qadiri
Translated by: Shaykh Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri [Durban - South Africa]

..:: Golden Words of Wisdom ::..
by Sayyiduna Imam Jafar as-Sadiq
Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

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  1. He would often make the following dua : "O Allah bless me with respect which is in your obedience and do not disgrace me due to my shortcomings. O Allah let me assist him through your grace and Mercy, whose sustenance you have decreased, for you have blessed me in abundance."
  2. There is not provision greater than piety. There is nothing better than silence, and there is no enemy more dangerous than ones ignorance and there is no disease worse than lies.
  3. He who has attained the closeness to Allah divorces himself from everything in the world.
  4. There is no Ibaadat without repentance, since Allah has caused repentance to be above Ibaadat.
  5. He who sits in the companionship of all types of people will not be safe.
  6. One who walks on the wrong path will always arouse suspicion.
  7. Whoever attacks a matter without knowledge cuts off his own nose.
  8. Intellect is the guide of the believer.
  9. The perfection of intellect is in three (things): Humbleness for Allah, Good certainty, and silence except for good.
  10. Ignorance is in three (things): Arrogance, the intensity of dispute, and the ignorance about Allah.
  11. Certainly, knowledge is a lock and its key is the question.
  12. When the believer becomes angry, his anger should not take him out of the truth; and when he becomes satisfied, his satisfaction should not bring him into falsehood.
  13. Some manners of the ignorant are: the answer before he hears, the opposition before he understands, and the judgment with what he does not know.
  14. One who cannot keep his tongue in control will always be disgraced.
  15. Stay away from five kinds of people: 1. A liar, as he will also betray you, 2. A witless person, as he will try to benefit you, but will always cause you harm, 3. A miser, for he will cause you intense loss in order to gain even the slightest benefit, 4. A coward who will leave you in distress during a difficult situation, 5. A man who is involved in illicit dealings, for he will sell you for one morsel and will still be hopeful of even less than that.
  16. Dishonest and untruthful people never find favor while jealous people never find content. Rude and vulgar people never find acceptance and brotherhood in leadership or amongst citizens.
  17. Whosoever holds affection towards the creator then he is horribly frightened of the creation.
  18. For the sake of the creator save yourself so that you may become a true worshipper (‘Aabid) and that which fate had decreed, has occurred then accepts that as well.
  19. Do not keep the company of an open sinful person since you would be overcome by sin and disobedience. Consult and seek advise from only those who are constantly obeying Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
  20. To seek forgiveness is simple but to leave sin is difficult.
  21. The concealment of sins is the direct consequences of mans destruction.
  22. Not to show greed to somebody else’s wealth is also a form of charity.
  23. The eye of the heart opens with ibadat (prayers) and its access is infinite (La Makan – up in the ‘Arsh and beyond) and nothing in the entire World remains a secret to him.
  24. Man has also such power that he can gaze into the future and it only awakens when the 5 other senses are asleep and the mind is free from observations.
  25. Changing perceptions in this World. Somewhere clouds are forming or pearls. At others tears are changing the rays into darkness while still darkness is changing into light.
  26. A man has freedom of deeds and actions but these are also restricted because according to his comprehension he may be suspicious or doubtful of its might or force.
  27. Too much credence and ecliance is destructful and excessive criticisms unfortunate.
  28. Holding the power of revenge yet drinking up ones anger is an excellent form of Jihad.

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  29. Strokes of misfortune or temptation are a rank, therefore the specific of truth are involved with it.
  30. Nafs (desires) are in direct conflict with Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala therefore the best opposition to you nafs is becoming friends with Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
  31. The reality of Taqwa is this, that if you have expose what’s in your heart, place it on a tray and take it to the market then you should not be ashamed of a single item you have displayed.
  32. Jihad with ones wealth is better than Jihad with a sword.
  33. Food is the sustenance of the body while contentment comforts the soul.
  34. Fortunate is he whose heart becomes knowledgeable, whose body becomes patient and he is content with what he has present.
  35. Respect the young for they have lesser sins to their name because of their age in comparison to you.
  36. Revelation is not made for destruction but as an examination.
  37. Kindness or favors is incomplete without these 3 things – If you regard it as minor it becomes great – or you keep it hidden or concealed this it becomes whole and sufficient or by doing it quickly one finds pleasure in it.
  38. Sin is a sore; if it is not stopped it spreads.
  39. To complain is to stop being patient.
  40. The person who keeps the company of all types of people is not safe. The person who traverses upon the wrong path is accused and suspicion descends upon him. The person who cannot control his tongue becomes disgraced.
  41. A criminal and a remorseful sinner become submissive.
  42. Flatterers are the origin of pride and arrogance.
  43. Someone once asked who is better, a patient dervish or a grateful wealthy person? He said: The patient dervish because the heart of the rich is stuck in his pocket while the heart of the dervish is stuck on Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
  44. Prayers without repentance are not appropriate for Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala has made repentance the preamble upon prayers.
  45. Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu was once asked who is an intelligent and wise person. Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu answered: That person who can differentiate between good and bad. Imam Ja‘afar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said that the ability exists in animals as well because they can distinguish between those that hit it and those that feed it. Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu requested to be told who it is. Imam Ja’afar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said: A wise and intelligent person is he who can distinguish between 2 good and 2 bad so that he may choose the better from the 2 good or 2 bad.
  46. One sin is one too many and one thousand good is one thousand too few.
  47. Besides the fervor of Sufism there is no other road to follow the Qur’an and Sunnah.
  48. The poverty of the ‘Ulema is by choice while that of the ignorant is forced or uncontrolled.
  49. A mans fortunes are also in his enemy being clever.
  50. A boastful worshipper is a sinner and a sinner is he who finds every possible excuse not to worship.
  51. It is happiness for him who, though he sees a pleasurable thing yet he does not desire it with his heart.
  52. Our religion is completely respected. That person who does not consider this will be very disappointed.
  53. A very great Zahid (One who remembers Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala excessively) is he who withdraws from the people.
  54. Although there is excellence in congregation there is safety in seclusion.
  55. Complete satisfaction of the stomach and starving are both hindrances of worship.
  56. To openly display your animosity is better than to hypocritically agree.
  57. In difficult times the search for rest and peace enhances that difficulty.

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Sixth Noor of Qadiriyah Spiritual Chain
Sayyiduna Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq
Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu is the Sixth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyyah Nooriyah. Much has been said in his praise by many great scholars.

BIRTH: He was born on a Monday, the 7th of Rabi ul Awwal in either 80 or 83 Hijri in Madinah Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

HIS NAME: His name was Jaafar bin Muhammad, and he was also known as Abu Abdullah and Abu Ismaeel. His titles were Saadiq, Faadil and Taahir.

HIS MOTHER: His mother’s name was Umm-e-Fardah who was the daughter of Hadrat Qasim Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu, the grandson of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu and Hadrat Qasim’s Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu mother, A’asma Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu is the daughter of Hadrat Abdur Rahmaan, the son of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.

HIS FEATURES: He was very handsome and had a radiant appearance. He had the perfect height, and was tan in complexion. He encompassed the exemplary qualities his forefathers. Haafiz Abu Nuaim Isfahani narrates in Khalifatul Abraar on the authority of Umar bin Midqaam, “When I used to look at Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu then I used to immediately feel that he was from amongst the descendants of the Prophets”

EXCELLENCE: He was without doubt the true successor to the Muslim empire and one of the greatest Imams of his era. Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu was a great Aabid and Sufi. Many secrets of Tasawwuf were explained by him. It is in Tabqaatul Abraar, that he received the authority of Hadith from his blessed father, from Imam Zuhri and Naaf’i and ibn Munkadir etc. and Sufyaan Sawri, Ibn Ainiyyah, Shu’ba, Yahya Al Qataan, Imam Maalik and his son Imam Moosa Kaazim (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) attained this authority of Hadith from him. Allama Ibn Hajar Makki Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu writes in Sawaa’iq Muhariqa . “The exalted Imams such as Yahya Bin Saeed, Ibn Jareeh, Imam Maalik ibn Anas, Imam Sufyaan Sawri, Sufyan bin Ainiyyah, Imam Abu Hanifa and Abu Ayoob Sajistani (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) took Hadith from him.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS CHARACTER: He was a very exalted and pious personality. His inner and outer appearance exuded brightness and radiance. He addressed the poor and the downtrodden with great love. Once he called all his servants and said, “Let us give our hands in the hands of one another and promise that whichever one of us first receives salvation on the day of Qiyaamah, he will intercede for the rest of us.” On hearing this, they said, “O Ibn Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! For what reason do you need our intercession, when your beloved forefather Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will intercede for the entire creation?” He then said, “I am ashamed to take my deeds and stand before my forefather, the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam.”

Once Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu and said, “Beloved descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam please give some advice, as my heart has become dark.” Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “O Abu Sulaiman! You are great Zaahid of your era. What need do you have for my advice?” Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “O descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, You have been blessed with excellence amongst people and to advise everyone is compulsory upon you.” He then said, “O Abu Sulaiman! I fear that on the day of Qiyaamah, my forefather Muhammadur Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will hold me by my collar and ask, ‘Why were you slow in fulfilling your right to submission?’ What will I say then? Thus, this deed (of advice) does not depend on ones stature or family lineage, but it deals with good deeds which are done in the Court of Allah.” Hadrat Dawood Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu heard this and began to weep. He then said, “O Allah! When such a great personality, who is the descendant of a Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, and whose reality is filled with light and wisdom, and whose great grandmother is Bibi Faatima, is so afraid of his future and condition, then what right does Dawood Taa’ee have do be proud of his deeds?” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS IBAADAT: He was well known for his ibaadat, and his striving in the Court of Allah. Hadrat Imam Malik Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu says, “I spent a very long time serving him, and I always found him in one of three Ibaadats. Either he was in namaaz, or engrossed in recitation of the Quran, or he would be fasting.” He never narrated any Hadith Shareef without wudhu. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

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HIS DUA: He was without doubt a faithful servant of Allah, and he always attained everything that he asked for from the Court of Allah. Abul Qasim Tabri narrates from Wahab, that he heard Laith bin Sa’ad Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu saying, “I was on my way to Hajj by foot in 113 Hijri and I reached Makkah Muazammah. I reached Jabl Abu Qais close to the time of Asr Salaah. There, I saw a pious man sitting (in seclusion), making dua. He was saying ‘Ya Rabbi Ya Rabbi’ so many times, that breathing became difficult. Then in the same way, he said ‘Ya Hayy Ya Hayy’ then ‘Ya Rab’bahu Ya Rab’bahu, then in the same say, he said ‘Ya Allah Ya Allah’ in one breath continuously. He then said ‘Ya Rahmaanu Ya Rahmaanu, Ya Raheemu Ya Raheemu’ and then he went on to say ‘Ya Arhamar Raahimeen’. He then said, “O Allah I desire to eat grapes. Please bless me with some, and my clothes have become old and tattered Please give me new ones.”

Hadrat Laith says, “By Allah, he was still competing his dua, when I saw a basket of grapes kept before him, whereas it was not event the grape season and I did not see an grapes near him before his dua. I also saw that there were two pieces of cloth kept near the grapes. I have never seen such beautiful material before. He then sat down to eat the grapes. I went up to him and said, Huzoor! May I also have a part in this?, and he asked how this was so, so I said, I was saying Aameen as you made the dua. He said, ‘Well then, step forward and join me.’ I also began to partake in the grapes. They were so tasty, that never have I eaten such delicious grapes. I ate until I was satisfied, but the basket still remained as it was before, full of grapes. He then offered on piece of cloth to me, and I said that I had no need for it, so he tied one around his waist, and he draped the other over his shoulder. He then descended from the mountain and I followed him. As he drew close to Saffa and Marwa, a beggar called out to him and said, ‘O Descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! Give these clothes to me and Allah will dress you in the clothes of Jannat.” He immediately gave the two pieces of cloth to the beggar. (On seeing this), I enquired about the identity of this pious man from the beggar, who informed me that he was Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. I then looked for him so that I may listen to some words of wisdom from him and attain his blessings, but he had disappeared from my sight.” [Tazkirat al-Awliyah, Page 12]

Once, some people saw that Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu was wearing a very expensive robe. One of them walked up to him and said, “Huzoor! It is not good for the Ahle Bait to wear such expensive clothing.” He caught hold of the man’s hand and thrust it into his sleeves. The man was amazed when he found that a Hadrat was wearing clothes make from sacks under his robe. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu then said, “The one inside is for my Creator and the one on top is for the creation.”

A man once lost his purse which contained one thousand dinaars. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu was walking close to him, so he held the hand of the Imam and accused him of stealing his money. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu asked how much he had in his money bag, and the man said that he had one thousand dinaars. Hadrat took him home and gave him one thousand dinaars from his wealth. The next day, the man found his money bag, and came rushing to Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu to return the money he had taken from him. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “We do not take back what we have already given.” The man then asked some people who this person was, and he was told that it was Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. When he heard this, he became very sad and regretted his behavior. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

DEBATE WITH AN ATHEIST: Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu spent a lot of his time spreading the word of Allah and His Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He always spoke against those who did not believe in Allah. An atheist from Egypt came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu whilst he was in Makkah. Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu asked his name and he said that his name was Abdul Malik and he was also known as Abdullah. On hearing this Hadrat said, “Malik, whose servant you are, is he from the Kingdom of the Skies or the Kingdom of the earth, the Lord that is the Lord of your son, is he the Lord of the skies or the Lord of the Earths?” The atheist could not answer this question. Hadrat then said, “Did you ever journey under the earth? Do you know what is beyond it?” He replied in the negative and said, “I think there is nothing beyond it.” Hadrat then said to him, “Thinking is not sufficient! However, have you ever flown into the skies and journeyed beyond the skies?” Again he replied in the negative. Hadrat said, “Did you ever travel the entire East and West and did you realise anything about the future from this?” Again he answered in the negative. Hadrat said, “I am amazed, that you are not aware of the earth and what is beneath it, and the sky and what is beyond it, and in this state of ignorance, you still have the arrogance to reject the existence of Allah. O Ignorant man! There is no argument for one who is naive about that which is a reality. The sun, the moon, the night and day, are all in a specific pattern. Verily they are within some divine control. If they were free, then they would move as they willed and would sometimes go to an appointed spot and not return. Why is it that the night does not take the place of day and the day does not take the place of night? Do you not ponder upon the reality of the skies and the earth? Why does the sky not come to the earth and why is it that the earth is not flattened by the sky? There is definitely ONE, who has all this in His Divine Control. It is He (Allah) who is All Powerful. It is He, who is our and their Lord.” When the atheist heard this, he immediately accepted Islam and had faith in the existence of Allah.

HADRAT BAYAZEED BUSTAAMI: Hadrat Ba Yazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu used to distribute water in the Darbaar of Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. Hadrat placed his saintly sight on Hadrat Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu once, and he became one of the greatest mystics of his time. He then served in the Court of Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu and became one of the greatest Awliyah.

IMAM-E-AZAM ABU HANIFA: Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu attained great blessings from Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. It is narrated that once he asked Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu concerning who is an intelligent person. Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “He who can differentiate between good and evil is an intelligent man.” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “Even animals have the ability to differentiate. It can differentiate between those who love them, beat them or instill fear in them?” Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu then said, “O Hadrat! Would you please explain who is truly intelligent?” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said, “An intelligent person, is one who can differentiate between two good things and two evils, so that he may choose the better of two good things and that he may be able to repel the worse of two evils.”

SHAYKH-E-TARIQAT: He was the mureed and Khalifa of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baaqir Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu and attained great blessings from his beloved father.

BOOKS AND TREATIES: Hadrat has also written books on numerous topics, as mentioned by scholars like Imam Kamaaludeen etc.

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KARAAMATS: Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu is an example for Muslims in every way. His greatest Karaamat was his firmness on the Shariat. His every step was in accordance with the Sunnat of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. A few of his Karaamats are being quoted below.

A MANSION IN JANNAH: Once, a man came to Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu before journeying for Hajj. He gave Hadrat 10,000 dirhams, and asked him to purchase a mansion for him before he returned. Instead of purchasing a mansion, Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu distributed the entire 10,000 dirhams in the way of Allah. After the man returned from Hajj, he went to meet Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu told him that he had purchased his mansion and then handed the title deed over to him. The title deed read as follows : “One wall of the house is adjoined to the house of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the other wall is adjoined to the house of Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu, the third wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hassan Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu and the fourth wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.” The man took this title deed, and asked his family members to place it in his grave when he passed away. After his demise, his family members found the title deed on the top of his grave and on the rear of the title deed the following words were written,

“Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu was honest and loyal in what he said.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 220]

AMAZING INCIDENT: Once, he was on his way to Hajj, when he stopped to rest under a date tree which was completely dried out. At the time of Chasht, he asked the tree to present him with some dates. Immediately, the tree became green and lush and full of dates. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu then ate from it. A villager was passing by and saw this. He saw this great karaamat and said that it was magic. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said,

“This is not magic. Almighty Allah has blessed me with such a quality, that he accepts all my duas. If I make dua, even you can be transformed into a dog.” Hadrat had not yet completed what he was saying, when the villager began to resemble a dog. He quickly repented and asked Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu to forgive him. Hadrat made dua for him, and he was transformed to his normal self. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 223]

KHALIFA MANSOOR: Khalifa Mansoor once sent one of his ministers to summon Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu to his Court. He informed his servants that when Imam Jaafar arrived, they should wait for him (Mansoor) to remove his crown. The moment he did this, they should martyr Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. When the minister heard this, he was not pleased and thus tried to explain to Mansoor, how wrong it was to kill a pious person, who is also a Sayyid. The Khalifa did not take heed and had Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu summoned. When Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu arrived, the servants waited for their cue, so that they may martyr Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu. Instead, Mansoor woke up from his throne and rushed towards the Imam. He brought him towards his throne and allowed him to sit on it with great respect, whilst he sat on the ground in front of the great Imam. The servants and ministers were surprised to see this sudden change in plan. Mansoor then asked the Imam if he had any requests. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said,"In future you should not summon me to your court, as I wish to remain engrossed in Ibaadat."

When he heard these words, his body began to tremble and he allowed the Imam to leave with respect. When the Imam left, the minister asked about the sudden change in plan and Mansoor said, "When Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu entered my court, I saw a huge python with him. The python had its one lip over my throne and one under my throne, and it spoke to me and said that if I tried to ever harm the Imam, then he would consume me with my throne, and that is why I behaved in the manner which I did."

HIS CHILDREN: He was blessed with six sons and one daughter. Their names are :

1. Hadrat Ismaeel
2. Hadrat Muhammad
3. Hadrat Ali
4. Hadrat Abdullah
5. Hadrat Ishaaq
6. Hadrat Moosa Kaazim
7. Bibi Umm-e-Fardah (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een)

HIS KHULAFA: If one studies the books of history, then one will learn about his Khulafa, and how exalted each one of them was and how they had attained his blessings. Some of them are:

1. Hadrat Imam Moosa Kaazim Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu
2. Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu
3. Hadrat Sultaan Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

WISAAL: He passed away during the rule of the second Abbasi Khalifa Abu Jaafar Mansoor bin Abul Abbas As Safah on a Friday, the 15th of Rajab or 24 Shawwal 148 Hijri at the age of 68 in Madinatul Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in Jannat al-Baqi in Madinatul Munawwarah.

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